A collaboratively-derived science-policy research agenda

William J. Sutherland, Laura Bellingan, Jim R. Bellingham, Jason J. Blackstock, Robert M. Bloomfield, Michael Bravo, Victoria M. Cadman, David D. Cleevely, Andy Clements, Anthony S. Cohen, David R. Cope, Arthur A. Daemmrich, Cristina Devecchi, Laura Diaz Anadon, Simon Denegri, Robert Doubleday, Nicholas R. Dusic, Robert J. Evans, Wai Y. Feng, H. Charles J. Godfray & 32 others Paul Harris, Sue E. Hartley, Alison J. Hester, John Holmes, Alan Hughes, Mike Hulme, Colin Irwin, Richard C. Jennings, Gary S. Kass, Peter Littlejohns, Theresa M. Marteau, Glenn McKee, Erik P. Millstone, William J. Nuttall, Susan Owens, Miles M. Parker, Sarah Pearson, Judith Petts, Richard Ploszek, Andrew S. Pullin, Graeme Reid, Keith S. Richards, John G. Robinson, Louise Shaxson, Leonor Sierra, Beck G. Smith, David J. Spiegelhalter, Jack Stilgoe, Andy Stirling, Christopher P. Tyler, David E. Winickoff, Ron L. Zimmern

Research output: Contribution to Book/Report typesChapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The need for policy makers to understand science and for scientists to understand policy processes is widely recognised. However, the science-policy relationship is sometimes difficult and occasionally dysfunctional; it is also increasingly visible, because it must deal with contentious issues, or itself becomes a matter of public controversy, or both. We suggest that identifying key unanswered questions on the relationship between science and policy will catalyse and focus research in this field. To identify these questions, a collaborative procedure was employed with 52 participants selected to cover a wide range of experience in both science and policy, including people from government, non-governmental organisations, academia and industry. These participants consulted with colleagues and submitted 239 questions. An initial round of voting was followed by a workshop in which 40 of the most important questions were identified by further discussion and voting. The resulting list includes questions about the effectiveness of science-based decision-making structures; the nature and legitimacy of expertise; the consequences of changes such as increasing transparency; choices among different sources of evidence; the implications of new means of characterising and representing uncertainties; and ways in which policy and political processes affect what counts as authoritative evidence. We expect this exercise to identify important theoretical questions and to help improve the mutual understanding and effectiveness of those working at the interface of science and policy.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPLoS ONE
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2012

Publication series

NamePLoS ONE
Volume7

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Sutherland, W. J., Bellingan, L., Bellingham, J. R., Blackstock, J. J., Bloomfield, R. M., Bravo, M., ... Zimmern, R. L. (2012). A collaboratively-derived science-policy research agenda. In PLoS ONE (PLoS ONE; Vol. 7). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031824
Sutherland, William J. ; Bellingan, Laura ; Bellingham, Jim R. ; Blackstock, Jason J. ; Bloomfield, Robert M. ; Bravo, Michael ; Cadman, Victoria M. ; Cleevely, David D. ; Clements, Andy ; Cohen, Anthony S. ; Cope, David R. ; Daemmrich, Arthur A. ; Devecchi, Cristina ; Anadon, Laura Diaz ; Denegri, Simon ; Doubleday, Robert ; Dusic, Nicholas R. ; Evans, Robert J. ; Feng, Wai Y. ; Godfray, H. Charles J. ; Harris, Paul ; Hartley, Sue E. ; Hester, Alison J. ; Holmes, John ; Hughes, Alan ; Hulme, Mike ; Irwin, Colin ; Jennings, Richard C. ; Kass, Gary S. ; Littlejohns, Peter ; Marteau, Theresa M. ; McKee, Glenn ; Millstone, Erik P. ; Nuttall, William J. ; Owens, Susan ; Parker, Miles M. ; Pearson, Sarah ; Petts, Judith ; Ploszek, Richard ; Pullin, Andrew S. ; Reid, Graeme ; Richards, Keith S. ; Robinson, John G. ; Shaxson, Louise ; Sierra, Leonor ; Smith, Beck G. ; Spiegelhalter, David J. ; Stilgoe, Jack ; Stirling, Andy ; Tyler, Christopher P. ; Winickoff, David E. ; Zimmern, Ron L. / A collaboratively-derived science-policy research agenda. PLoS ONE. 2012. (PLoS ONE).
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abstract = "The need for policy makers to understand science and for scientists to understand policy processes is widely recognised. However, the science-policy relationship is sometimes difficult and occasionally dysfunctional; it is also increasingly visible, because it must deal with contentious issues, or itself becomes a matter of public controversy, or both. We suggest that identifying key unanswered questions on the relationship between science and policy will catalyse and focus research in this field. To identify these questions, a collaborative procedure was employed with 52 participants selected to cover a wide range of experience in both science and policy, including people from government, non-governmental organisations, academia and industry. These participants consulted with colleagues and submitted 239 questions. An initial round of voting was followed by a workshop in which 40 of the most important questions were identified by further discussion and voting. The resulting list includes questions about the effectiveness of science-based decision-making structures; the nature and legitimacy of expertise; the consequences of changes such as increasing transparency; choices among different sources of evidence; the implications of new means of characterising and representing uncertainties; and ways in which policy and political processes affect what counts as authoritative evidence. We expect this exercise to identify important theoretical questions and to help improve the mutual understanding and effectiveness of those working at the interface of science and policy.",
author = "Sutherland, {William J.} and Laura Bellingan and Bellingham, {Jim R.} and Blackstock, {Jason J.} and Bloomfield, {Robert M.} and Michael Bravo and Cadman, {Victoria M.} and Cleevely, {David D.} and Andy Clements and Cohen, {Anthony S.} and Cope, {David R.} and Daemmrich, {Arthur A.} and Cristina Devecchi and Anadon, {Laura Diaz} and Simon Denegri and Robert Doubleday and Dusic, {Nicholas R.} and Evans, {Robert J.} and Feng, {Wai Y.} and Godfray, {H. Charles J.} and Paul Harris and Hartley, {Sue E.} and Hester, {Alison J.} and John Holmes and Alan Hughes and Mike Hulme and Colin Irwin and Jennings, {Richard C.} and Kass, {Gary S.} and Peter Littlejohns and Marteau, {Theresa M.} and Glenn McKee and Millstone, {Erik P.} and Nuttall, {William J.} and Susan Owens and Parker, {Miles M.} and Sarah Pearson and Judith Petts and Richard Ploszek and Pullin, {Andrew S.} and Graeme Reid and Richards, {Keith S.} and Robinson, {John G.} and Louise Shaxson and Leonor Sierra and Smith, {Beck G.} and Spiegelhalter, {David J.} and Jack Stilgoe and Andy Stirling and Tyler, {Christopher P.} and Winickoff, {David E.} and Zimmern, {Ron L.}",
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Sutherland, WJ, Bellingan, L, Bellingham, JR, Blackstock, JJ, Bloomfield, RM, Bravo, M, Cadman, VM, Cleevely, DD, Clements, A, Cohen, AS, Cope, DR, Daemmrich, AA, Devecchi, C, Anadon, LD, Denegri, S, Doubleday, R, Dusic, NR, Evans, RJ, Feng, WY, Godfray, HCJ, Harris, P, Hartley, SE, Hester, AJ, Holmes, J, Hughes, A, Hulme, M, Irwin, C, Jennings, RC, Kass, GS, Littlejohns, P, Marteau, TM, McKee, G, Millstone, EP, Nuttall, WJ, Owens, S, Parker, MM, Pearson, S, Petts, J, Ploszek, R, Pullin, AS, Reid, G, Richards, KS, Robinson, JG, Shaxson, L, Sierra, L, Smith, BG, Spiegelhalter, DJ, Stilgoe, J, Stirling, A, Tyler, CP, Winickoff, DE & Zimmern, RL 2012, A collaboratively-derived science-policy research agenda. in PLoS ONE. PLoS ONE, vol. 7. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031824

A collaboratively-derived science-policy research agenda. / Sutherland, William J.; Bellingan, Laura; Bellingham, Jim R.; Blackstock, Jason J.; Bloomfield, Robert M.; Bravo, Michael; Cadman, Victoria M.; Cleevely, David D.; Clements, Andy; Cohen, Anthony S.; Cope, David R.; Daemmrich, Arthur A.; Devecchi, Cristina; Anadon, Laura Diaz; Denegri, Simon; Doubleday, Robert; Dusic, Nicholas R.; Evans, Robert J.; Feng, Wai Y.; Godfray, H. Charles J.; Harris, Paul; Hartley, Sue E.; Hester, Alison J.; Holmes, John; Hughes, Alan; Hulme, Mike; Irwin, Colin; Jennings, Richard C.; Kass, Gary S.; Littlejohns, Peter; Marteau, Theresa M.; McKee, Glenn; Millstone, Erik P.; Nuttall, William J.; Owens, Susan; Parker, Miles M.; Pearson, Sarah; Petts, Judith; Ploszek, Richard; Pullin, Andrew S.; Reid, Graeme; Richards, Keith S.; Robinson, John G.; Shaxson, Louise; Sierra, Leonor; Smith, Beck G.; Spiegelhalter, David J.; Stilgoe, Jack; Stirling, Andy; Tyler, Christopher P.; Winickoff, David E.; Zimmern, Ron L.

PLoS ONE. 2012. (PLoS ONE; Vol. 7).

Research output: Contribution to Book/Report typesChapterResearchpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - A collaboratively-derived science-policy research agenda

AU - Sutherland, William J.

AU - Bellingan, Laura

AU - Bellingham, Jim R.

AU - Blackstock, Jason J.

AU - Bloomfield, Robert M.

AU - Bravo, Michael

AU - Cadman, Victoria M.

AU - Cleevely, David D.

AU - Clements, Andy

AU - Cohen, Anthony S.

AU - Cope, David R.

AU - Daemmrich, Arthur A.

AU - Devecchi, Cristina

AU - Anadon, Laura Diaz

AU - Denegri, Simon

AU - Doubleday, Robert

AU - Dusic, Nicholas R.

AU - Evans, Robert J.

AU - Feng, Wai Y.

AU - Godfray, H. Charles J.

AU - Harris, Paul

AU - Hartley, Sue E.

AU - Hester, Alison J.

AU - Holmes, John

AU - Hughes, Alan

AU - Hulme, Mike

AU - Irwin, Colin

AU - Jennings, Richard C.

AU - Kass, Gary S.

AU - Littlejohns, Peter

AU - Marteau, Theresa M.

AU - McKee, Glenn

AU - Millstone, Erik P.

AU - Nuttall, William J.

AU - Owens, Susan

AU - Parker, Miles M.

AU - Pearson, Sarah

AU - Petts, Judith

AU - Ploszek, Richard

AU - Pullin, Andrew S.

AU - Reid, Graeme

AU - Richards, Keith S.

AU - Robinson, John G.

AU - Shaxson, Louise

AU - Sierra, Leonor

AU - Smith, Beck G.

AU - Spiegelhalter, David J.

AU - Stilgoe, Jack

AU - Stirling, Andy

AU - Tyler, Christopher P.

AU - Winickoff, David E.

AU - Zimmern, Ron L.

PY - 2012/3/9

Y1 - 2012/3/9

N2 - The need for policy makers to understand science and for scientists to understand policy processes is widely recognised. However, the science-policy relationship is sometimes difficult and occasionally dysfunctional; it is also increasingly visible, because it must deal with contentious issues, or itself becomes a matter of public controversy, or both. We suggest that identifying key unanswered questions on the relationship between science and policy will catalyse and focus research in this field. To identify these questions, a collaborative procedure was employed with 52 participants selected to cover a wide range of experience in both science and policy, including people from government, non-governmental organisations, academia and industry. These participants consulted with colleagues and submitted 239 questions. An initial round of voting was followed by a workshop in which 40 of the most important questions were identified by further discussion and voting. The resulting list includes questions about the effectiveness of science-based decision-making structures; the nature and legitimacy of expertise; the consequences of changes such as increasing transparency; choices among different sources of evidence; the implications of new means of characterising and representing uncertainties; and ways in which policy and political processes affect what counts as authoritative evidence. We expect this exercise to identify important theoretical questions and to help improve the mutual understanding and effectiveness of those working at the interface of science and policy.

AB - The need for policy makers to understand science and for scientists to understand policy processes is widely recognised. However, the science-policy relationship is sometimes difficult and occasionally dysfunctional; it is also increasingly visible, because it must deal with contentious issues, or itself becomes a matter of public controversy, or both. We suggest that identifying key unanswered questions on the relationship between science and policy will catalyse and focus research in this field. To identify these questions, a collaborative procedure was employed with 52 participants selected to cover a wide range of experience in both science and policy, including people from government, non-governmental organisations, academia and industry. These participants consulted with colleagues and submitted 239 questions. An initial round of voting was followed by a workshop in which 40 of the most important questions were identified by further discussion and voting. The resulting list includes questions about the effectiveness of science-based decision-making structures; the nature and legitimacy of expertise; the consequences of changes such as increasing transparency; choices among different sources of evidence; the implications of new means of characterising and representing uncertainties; and ways in which policy and political processes affect what counts as authoritative evidence. We expect this exercise to identify important theoretical questions and to help improve the mutual understanding and effectiveness of those working at the interface of science and policy.

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U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0031824

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0031824

M3 - Chapter

SN - 1932-6203 (Electronic)\r1932-6203 (Linking)

T3 - PLoS ONE

BT - PLoS ONE

ER -

Sutherland WJ, Bellingan L, Bellingham JR, Blackstock JJ, Bloomfield RM, Bravo M et al. A collaboratively-derived science-policy research agenda. In PLoS ONE. 2012. (PLoS ONE). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031824