Adaptive Signal Combining with Unequal Channel Noise Variances

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This paper demonstrates the signal combining by use of adaptive algorithms for wireless communication networks. The proposed adaptive combiner operates under different communication channel noise variances on each branch of the multi-antenna receiver. The used algorithm for adaptive signal combining is least mean square (LMS) algorithm based on Newton’s Recursion Method. The proposed algorithm uses inverse of noise variances estimate in step size of adaptive algorithm. It is shown that the adaptive combining filter with LMS converges with respect to signal to noise ratio (SNR) and not to the received power. Simulation results in Gaussian channels with different channel noise variances shows that proposed scheme provide performance very close to wiener’s solution of signal combining. It provide 10−4 bit error rate (BER) at 10.dB SNR. The performance of system in Flat Fading Raleigh channels is about 10−5 at 20 dB SNR. Where as the classical maximum ratio combining, adaptive combining with classical LMS and recursive least square algorithm provide 10−3 bit error rate at 20 dB SNR. The improvement in MSE and BER performance with purposed algoritm is more obvious when two independent signals arrive at the receiver of communication terminal (on multiple antennas) with 10dB of SNR difference, which is very common situation in wireless communication systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Simulation – Systems, Science and Technology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010


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