An analysis of airflow effects in lift systems

Nishant Singh, Stefan Kaczmarczyk, Thomas Ehrl

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


The current trends towards the design of lighter cars for high-speed lift systems and multiple car lift systems have encouraged the design of more aerodynamic efficient car geometries. Lighter lift cars are susceptible to aerodynamic drags and piston effects. The issue of piston phenomena affecting smoke control in traditional lift shaft configurations have been studied extensively. Considering the complexity of multiple car, multidirectional shafts and the susceptibility of lighter cars to aerodynamic drag and piston effects, it is important that relevant analysis is developed to determine the aerodynamic effects arising in those systems. With advances in the field of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), it is now possible to compute 3D compressible large eddy simulation for a multi-car lift systems. A better understanding of piston effect in the context of lighter and faster multi-car systems is necessary to further calculate the impact of these forces on lighter structures. In this paper a coupled Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) model is developed based on stiffness and damping of the system and boundary values from transient CFD study. This study will help understand the impact of excitations due to aerodynamic forces and understand the effect of aerodynamic drags and piston forces in the multi-car shaft systems.
Original languageEnglish
JournalLift and Escalator Symposium
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2017


  • Lift aerodynamics
  • computational fluid dynamics
  • fluid-structure interactions
  • piston effect


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