An exploratory study on social entrepreneurship in Egypt

Rebecca Fakoussa, Simon O'Leary, Suzan Saleem

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this paper is to add to the existing wealth of knowledge on the benefits and challenges of social entrepreneurship in Egypt, a challenging emerging economy.

The research combines secondary and primary research with the latter including interviews across the public, private and social entrepreneurship sectors, together with surveys to gather Egyptian and international perspectives.

The study addresses several political, cultural and economic themes that significantly influence the emergence and growth of social entrepreneurship organisations in Egypt.

Research limitations/implications
Egypt is undergoing significant change at present; hence, this research provides a snapshot of what may be considered a very dynamic environment.

Practical implications
Recommendations are made that have practical implications for each of the public, private, development and non-profit sectors in Egypt. It is suggested that the public sector ought to unite its efforts under one umbrella organisation, the private sector could benefit from growing social awareness across the region, while development groups should continue to focus on education generally. Non-profit entities can seek to collaborate with others, and all organisations can make better use of developing global communications technology.

Social implications
A base of social entrepreneurship is already established in Egypt, but this research suggests that further encouragement of these initiatives could help develop the economy and foster a more socially aware culture and political landscape.

Social entrepreneurship in Egypt continues to evolve, and this research identifies a number of economic, cultural and political perspectives that, if addressed, could help accelerate progress.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)694-707
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2020


  • Egypt
  • Politics
  • Social entrepreneurship
  • MENA
  • Challenges
  • Socio-Economics
  • Culture


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