An investigation on capability of hybrid Nd:YAG laser-TIG welding technology for AA2198 Al-Li alloy

Amir Husain Faraji, Mahmoud Moradi*, Massoud Goodarzi, Pietro Colucci, Carmine Maletta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


This paper surveys the capability of the hybrid laser-arc welding in comparison with lone laser welding for AA2198 aluminum alloy experimentally. In the present research, a continuous Nd:YAG laser with a maximum power of 2000 W and a 350 A electric arc were used as two combined welding heat sources. In addition to the lone laser welding experiments, two strategies were examined for hybrid welding; the first one was low laser power (100 W) accompanied by high arc energy, and the second one was high laser power (2000 W) with low arc energy. Welding speed and arc current varied in the experiments. The influence of heat input on weld pool geometry was surveyed. The macrosection, microhardness profile and microstructure of the welded joints were studied and compared. The results indicated that in lone laser welding, conduction mode occurred and keyhole was not formed even in low welding speeds and thus the penetration depth was so low. It was also found that the second approach (high laser power accompanied with low arc energy) is superior to the first one (low laser power accompanied with high arc energy) in hybrid laser-arc welding of Al2198, since lower heat input was needed for full penetration weld and as a result a smaller HAZ was created.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalOptics and Lasers in Engineering
Early online date25 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes


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