Anthropometric and Physiological Characteristics of Elite Male Rugby Athletes

Jon Brazier, Mark Antrobus, Georgina K. Stebbings, Stephen H. Day, Peter Callus, Robert M. Erskine, Mark A. Bennett, Liam P. Kilduff, Alun G. Williams

    Research output: Contribution to Book/Report typesChapterResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    This is the first article to review the anthropometric and physiological characteristics required for elite rugby performance within both Rugby Union (RU) and Rugby League (RL). Anthropometric characteristics such as height and mass, and physiological characteristics such as speed and muscular strength, have previously been advocated as key discriminators of playing level within rugby. This review aimed to identify the key anthropometric and physiological properties required for elite performance in rugby, distinguishing between RU and RL, forwards and backs and competitive levels. There are differences between competitive standards such that, at the elite level, athletes are heaviest (RU forwards ~111 kg, backs ~93 kg; RL forwards ~103 kg, backs ~90 kg) with lowest % body fat (RU forwards ~15%, backs ~12%; RL forwards ~14%, backs ~11%), they have most fat-free mass and are strongest (Back squat: RU forwards ~176 kg, backs ~157 kg; RL forwards ~188 kg, backs ~ 168 kg; Bench press: RU forwards ~131 kg, backs ~118 kg; RL forwards ~122 kg, backs ~113 kg) and fastest (10 m: RU forwards ~1.87 s, backs ~1.77 s; 10 m RL forwards ~1.9 s, backs ~1.83 s). We also have unpublished data that indicate contemporary RU athletes have less body fat and are stronger and faster than the published data suggest. Regardless, well-developed speed, agility, lower-body power and strength characteristics are vital for elite performance, probably reflect both environmental (training, diet, etc.) and genetic factors, distinguish between competitive levels and are therefore important determinants of elite status in rugby.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
    Pages1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

    Publication series

    NameJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research

    Fingerprint

    athletes
    back (body region)
    body fat

    Cite this

    Brazier, J., Antrobus, M., Stebbings, G. K., Day, S. H., Callus, P., Erskine, R. M., ... Williams, A. G. (2018). Anthropometric and Physiological Characteristics of Elite Male Rugby Athletes. In Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (pp. 1). (Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research). https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002827
    Brazier, Jon ; Antrobus, Mark ; Stebbings, Georgina K. ; Day, Stephen H. ; Callus, Peter ; Erskine, Robert M. ; Bennett, Mark A. ; Kilduff, Liam P. ; Williams, Alun G. / Anthropometric and Physiological Characteristics of Elite Male Rugby Athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2018. pp. 1 (Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research).
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    Brazier, J, Antrobus, M, Stebbings, GK, Day, SH, Callus, P, Erskine, RM, Bennett, MA, Kilduff, LP & Williams, AG 2018, Anthropometric and Physiological Characteristics of Elite Male Rugby Athletes. in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, pp. 1. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002827

    Anthropometric and Physiological Characteristics of Elite Male Rugby Athletes. / Brazier, Jon; Antrobus, Mark; Stebbings, Georgina K.; Day, Stephen H.; Callus, Peter; Erskine, Robert M.; Bennett, Mark A.; Kilduff, Liam P.; Williams, Alun G.

    Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2018. p. 1 (Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research).

    Research output: Contribution to Book/Report typesChapterResearchpeer-review

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    AU - Day, Stephen H.

    AU - Callus, Peter

    AU - Erskine, Robert M.

    AU - Bennett, Mark A.

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    Brazier J, Antrobus M, Stebbings GK, Day SH, Callus P, Erskine RM et al. Anthropometric and Physiological Characteristics of Elite Male Rugby Athletes. In Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2018. p. 1. (Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research). https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002827