Back to the 'Lilly' Pond: revisiting flotation tanks and their use in ESP research

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticle


When discussions continue into the late evenings at parapsychology conferences, it has always been a note of humour, with subtle laughs and raised eyebrows, to suggest the use of floatation tanks in studies of ESP. I’ve always wondered why this might be. However, in recently giving serious consideration to revisiting the potential use of such tanks, I have noted the difficulties any researcher and institute may face. Firstly, the cost, with most tanks sitting comfortably within the region of ten to fifteen thousand pounds. Secondly, there is the upkeep, including electric, salt solutions, filtration and housing the tank in a room which also provides ventilation for the humidity produced by the water from the tank. Finally, it would be wise of anyone owning such a tank to keep shower facilities close by, for before and after a float session – cleaning your body beforehand and then washing the Epsom salt (magnesium sulphate) away afterwards is essential – that is if you don’t wish for various parts of your body to be covered in salt residue.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-11
JournalParanormal Review
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2018

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