Controls on primary porosity and permeability development in igneous rocks

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Abstract

Some of the more important processes leading to the development of primary igneous porosity due to the cooling and crystallization of magma are reviewed. A distinction is made between volcanic and plutonic rocks, and crystalline and granular volcanic material. Porosity in each rock type is classified according to a proposed effective length scale and geometry into diffusive (Class D) and macroscopic flow (Class F) features. Estimated ranges in values of porosity and permeability are given for a wide selection of igneous rock types, and comparison is made with permeability variations (<Delta >k) derived for both the continental and oceanic crust. While fracture porosity is dominant in most crystalline materials, primary porosity development may play an important role in the final (total) porosity in igneous basement. Some types of primary porosity and permeability in igneous rocks will be strongly time- and scale-dependent due to thermal effects associated with the emplacement and cooling of magmas and volcanic material. Tectonic reworking of the primary petrophysical properties of basement-forming igneous rocks may be significant in the development of regions of anisotropy and enhanced porosity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-107
Number of pages15
JournalGeological Society, London, Special Publications
Volume214
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2008

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igneous rock
porosity
permeability
cooling
plutonic rock
reworking
temperature effect
oceanic crust
continental crust
volcanic rock
emplacement
anisotropy
crystallization
magma
geometry
tectonics
rock
material

Cite this

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title = "Controls on primary porosity and permeability development in igneous rocks",
abstract = "Some of the more important processes leading to the development of primary igneous porosity due to the cooling and crystallization of magma are reviewed. A distinction is made between volcanic and plutonic rocks, and crystalline and granular volcanic material. Porosity in each rock type is classified according to a proposed effective length scale and geometry into diffusive (Class D) and macroscopic flow (Class F) features. Estimated ranges in values of porosity and permeability are given for a wide selection of igneous rock types, and comparison is made with permeability variations (<Delta >k) derived for both the continental and oceanic crust. While fracture porosity is dominant in most crystalline materials, primary porosity development may play an important role in the final (total) porosity in igneous basement. Some types of primary porosity and permeability in igneous rocks will be strongly time- and scale-dependent due to thermal effects associated with the emplacement and cooling of magmas and volcanic material. Tectonic reworking of the primary petrophysical properties of basement-forming igneous rocks may be significant in the development of regions of anisotropy and enhanced porosity.",
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Controls on primary porosity and permeability development in igneous rocks. / Petford, Nick.

In: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, Vol. 214, No. 1, 30.04.2008, p. 93-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AB - Some of the more important processes leading to the development of primary igneous porosity due to the cooling and crystallization of magma are reviewed. A distinction is made between volcanic and plutonic rocks, and crystalline and granular volcanic material. Porosity in each rock type is classified according to a proposed effective length scale and geometry into diffusive (Class D) and macroscopic flow (Class F) features. Estimated ranges in values of porosity and permeability are given for a wide selection of igneous rock types, and comparison is made with permeability variations (<Delta >k) derived for both the continental and oceanic crust. While fracture porosity is dominant in most crystalline materials, primary porosity development may play an important role in the final (total) porosity in igneous basement. Some types of primary porosity and permeability in igneous rocks will be strongly time- and scale-dependent due to thermal effects associated with the emplacement and cooling of magmas and volcanic material. Tectonic reworking of the primary petrophysical properties of basement-forming igneous rocks may be significant in the development of regions of anisotropy and enhanced porosity.

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