Effect of surface preparation on the protective efficiency and adhesion of organic coatings applied to steel

S Jamali, Douglas J Mills, S J Mabbutt, Philip Picton

Research output: Contribution to Book/Report typesConference contributionResearch

Abstract

Surface preparation of metal prior to painting is one of the key factors in order to
ensure consequent protective properties of coating. This is mainly done to produce effective adhesion between the coating and substrate. Interfacial adhesion can be improved through two general mechanisms; electrostatic bonds and mechanical interlocking. Electrostatic bonds between the polar coating and metal substrate can be improved by removing any significant (eg millscale) oxide layer and impurities. Surface roughening enhances the mechanical interlocking of paint within the surface irregularities. In general surface preparation of any kind is believed to improve the adhesion and consequent protection afforded by organic coatings. However recent findings have shown that the electrochemical properties of oxide film play an important role and also vary by the preparation method.
In the present study 5 methods of surface preparation are applied to mild steel and the resulting surface has been characterized using various electrochemical
techniques. Scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET) has been used to
characterize the metal surface. Metal surfaces are then coated with different coating systems and exposed to corrosive environment. Anti-corrosive properties were examined as a function of time. DC resistance method was used as the basic
method for electrochemical resistance measurement. The mechanical wet and dry
adhesion strength has been examined using pull-off adhesion method. Results have indicated that surface geometry governs the electrochemical activity of metal. Also it is suggested that surface activation without providing effective metal-coating bonds promotes corrosion. Theories of this breakdown mechanism are tentatively advanced.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEUROCORR 2011: Developing Solutions for the Global Challenge
Place of PublicationStockholm, Sweden
PublisherDechema
Pages1-9
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011
EventEUROCORR 2011 - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 4 Sep 20118 Sep 2011
https://eurocorr.org/2011.html

Conference

ConferenceEUROCORR 2011
CountrySweden
CityStockholm
Period4/09/118/09/11
Internet address

Fingerprint

Organic coatings
Steel
Adhesion
Metals
Coatings
Electrostatics
Corrosive effects
Metal coatings
Caustics
Painting
Substrates
Electrochemical properties
Paint
Oxides
Oxide films
Carbon steel
Chemical activation
Impurities
Corrosion
Scanning

Keywords

  • Surface preparation
  • Anti-corrosive coating
  • Adhesion
  • DC resistance measurement

Cite this

Jamali, S., Mills, D. J., Mabbutt, S. J., & Picton, P. (2011). Effect of surface preparation on the protective efficiency and adhesion of organic coatings applied to steel. In EUROCORR 2011: Developing Solutions for the Global Challenge (pp. 1-9). Stockholm, Sweden: Dechema.
Jamali, S ; Mills, Douglas J ; Mabbutt, S J ; Picton, Philip. / Effect of surface preparation on the protective efficiency and adhesion of organic coatings applied to steel. EUROCORR 2011: Developing Solutions for the Global Challenge. Stockholm, Sweden : Dechema, 2011. pp. 1-9
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Jamali, S, Mills, DJ, Mabbutt, SJ & Picton, P 2011, Effect of surface preparation on the protective efficiency and adhesion of organic coatings applied to steel. in EUROCORR 2011: Developing Solutions for the Global Challenge. Dechema, Stockholm, Sweden, pp. 1-9, EUROCORR 2011, Stockholm, Sweden, 4/09/11.

Effect of surface preparation on the protective efficiency and adhesion of organic coatings applied to steel. / Jamali, S; Mills, Douglas J; Mabbutt, S J; Picton, Philip.

EUROCORR 2011: Developing Solutions for the Global Challenge. Stockholm, Sweden : Dechema, 2011. p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to Book/Report typesConference contributionResearch

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N2 - Surface preparation of metal prior to painting is one of the key factors in order toensure consequent protective properties of coating. This is mainly done to produce effective adhesion between the coating and substrate. Interfacial adhesion can be improved through two general mechanisms; electrostatic bonds and mechanical interlocking. Electrostatic bonds between the polar coating and metal substrate can be improved by removing any significant (eg millscale) oxide layer and impurities. Surface roughening enhances the mechanical interlocking of paint within the surface irregularities. In general surface preparation of any kind is believed to improve the adhesion and consequent protection afforded by organic coatings. However recent findings have shown that the electrochemical properties of oxide film play an important role and also vary by the preparation method.In the present study 5 methods of surface preparation are applied to mild steel and the resulting surface has been characterized using various electrochemicaltechniques. Scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET) has been used tocharacterize the metal surface. Metal surfaces are then coated with different coating systems and exposed to corrosive environment. Anti-corrosive properties were examined as a function of time. DC resistance method was used as the basicmethod for electrochemical resistance measurement. The mechanical wet and dryadhesion strength has been examined using pull-off adhesion method. Results have indicated that surface geometry governs the electrochemical activity of metal. Also it is suggested that surface activation without providing effective metal-coating bonds promotes corrosion. Theories of this breakdown mechanism are tentatively advanced.

AB - Surface preparation of metal prior to painting is one of the key factors in order toensure consequent protective properties of coating. This is mainly done to produce effective adhesion between the coating and substrate. Interfacial adhesion can be improved through two general mechanisms; electrostatic bonds and mechanical interlocking. Electrostatic bonds between the polar coating and metal substrate can be improved by removing any significant (eg millscale) oxide layer and impurities. Surface roughening enhances the mechanical interlocking of paint within the surface irregularities. In general surface preparation of any kind is believed to improve the adhesion and consequent protection afforded by organic coatings. However recent findings have shown that the electrochemical properties of oxide film play an important role and also vary by the preparation method.In the present study 5 methods of surface preparation are applied to mild steel and the resulting surface has been characterized using various electrochemicaltechniques. Scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET) has been used tocharacterize the metal surface. Metal surfaces are then coated with different coating systems and exposed to corrosive environment. Anti-corrosive properties were examined as a function of time. DC resistance method was used as the basicmethod for electrochemical resistance measurement. The mechanical wet and dryadhesion strength has been examined using pull-off adhesion method. Results have indicated that surface geometry governs the electrochemical activity of metal. Also it is suggested that surface activation without providing effective metal-coating bonds promotes corrosion. Theories of this breakdown mechanism are tentatively advanced.

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Jamali S, Mills DJ, Mabbutt SJ, Picton P. Effect of surface preparation on the protective efficiency and adhesion of organic coatings applied to steel. In EUROCORR 2011: Developing Solutions for the Global Challenge. Stockholm, Sweden: Dechema. 2011. p. 1-9