Environmental audits and process flow mapping to assess management of solid waste and wastewater from a healthcare facility: an Italian case study

Mentore Vaccari, Waleed Montasser, Terry L Tudor, Luigi Leone

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticle

Abstract

In Europe, there are an increasing number of policy and legislative drivers for a more sustainable approach to the management of natural resources as well as for the mitigation of environmental health risks. However, despite significant progress in recent years, there is still some way to go to achieve circularity of process, as well as risk mitigation within organisations. Using a case study of the Gardone Val Trompia hospital in northern Italy, this manuscript offers a novel holistic examination of strategies to enhance resource efficiency and environmental health within a key sector, i.e. the healthcare sector. Through the use of environmental audits and process flow mapping, trends in waste and wastewater arisings and the associated financial and environmental costs and risks were identified. Recommendations for developing more resource efficient approaches as well as mitigating the environmental and public health risks are suggested. These include strategies for improved resource efficiency (including reduction in the hazardous waste) and reduced environmental impacts during the containment, transport and treatment of the waste.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume189
Issue number5
Early online date27 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Healthcare waste
  • holistic monitoring
  • medical waste
  • resource efficiency
  • water saving

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