Forest edges and habitat selection in birds: A functional approach

Duncan McCollin

    Research output: Contribution to Book/ReportChapterpeer-review

    Abstract

    l-.dge eltecls encompass a complex paiiopK ol" biolic and abioiic phenomena across woodland borders. I idcnlif\ l"our main e\planalions which lia\e been proiiosed io explain avian liabiial seleelion wilh respect lo foresl edges: I] individualisiic resource and paich use. 2) biolic interaclions; 3| microclimate modilicalion and 4) changes in \egetalion slruciure. 1| relales nest sile locaiion in woodlands relalive lo llie edge lo Ihe pruxminv of l"ood resources, ll is shown ihal. all other ihin-s being equal, birds which are v\liolly dependenl on resomres found wiiiiin woodlaiuls wilTiend to avoid loresi edges. Woodland speeies dependenl upon resources liumd in adjaceni habilals will lend lo be lound near lo edges lo enable Ihcir exploilation 2| identilies compelilion, predaUon and brood parasitism as factors which liave Ihe poleiitial lo mllttence bird habilat seleelion near edges. 3) idenlilies microclimale modification as a polenital mlluenee whieh may act direellv on neslhig success or indirecUy ihrousih Us ellccis on food supply: 4| relates llie activiiies o( birds, such as nesting, leedins; or use ol song posls. lo vegeialion siruelure and or (lorisiic eomposiiion '"al ihe ediie. Researeh on edge ell'eels ol" birds in woodland has provided l"eu practical lecoTiunen- dations lo conservaiion tnanagers. I'oresl edize managemenl needs lo lake inlo accouni the miilliple cause and ell'eels wliich iiilluenee habilal seleclinn al Ihe educ and IO largei species ol conservaiion coneern.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEcography
    PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
    Pages247-260
    Number of pages14
    ISBN (Print)0906-7590
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1998

    Publication series

    NameEcography
    Volume21

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