Functional connectivity patterns reflect individual differences in conflict adaptation

Xiangpeng Wang, Ting Wang, Zhencai Chen, Glenn Hitchman, Yijun Liu, Antao Chen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Individuals differ in the ability to utilize previous conflict information to optimize current conflict resolution, which is termed the conflict adaptation effect. Previous studies have linked individual differences in conflict adaptation to distinct brain regions. However, the network-based neural mechanisms subserving the individual differences of the conflict adaptation effect have not been studied. The present study employed a psychophysiological interaction (PPI) analysis with a color-naming Stroop task to examine this issue. The main results were as follows: (1) the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC)-seeded PPI revealed the involvement of the salience network (SN) in conflict adaptation, while the posterior parietal cortex (PPC)-seeded PPI revealed the engagement of the central executive network (CEN). (2) Participants with high conflict adaptation effect showed higher intra-CEN connectivity and lower intra-SN connectivity; while those with low conflict adaptation effect showed higher intra-SN connectivity and lower intra-CEN connectivity. (3) The PPC-centered intra-CEN connectivity positively predicted the conflict adaptation effect; while the ACC-centered intra-SN connectivity had a negative correlation with this effect. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that conflict adaptation is likely supported by the CEN and the SN, providing a new perspective on studying individual differences in conflict adaptation on the basis of large-scale networks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume70
Early online date23 Feb 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015

Keywords

  • Conflict adaptation effect
  • Individual differences
  • Central executive network (CEN)
  • Salience network (SN)
  • Proactive control
  • Psychophysiological interaction (PPI)

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