Grassland Restoration on Landfill Sites in the East Midlands , United Kingdom : An Evaluation of Floral Resources and Pollinating Insects

Sam Tarrant, Jeff Ollerton, Lutfor Rahman, Joanna Tarrant, Duncan Mccollin

    Research output: Contribution to Book/Report typesChapterResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Pollinators are declining in Europe due to intensification of agriculture, habitat loss and fragmentation. Restored landfill sites are a significant potential reserve of semi-natural habitat, so their conservation value for supporting populations of pollinating insects was here examined by assessing whether the plant and pollinator assemblages of restored landfill sites are comparable to reference sites of existing wildlife value. Floral characteristics of the vegetation and the species richness and abundance of flower-visiting insect assemblages were compared between nine pairs of restored landfill sites and reference sites in the East Midlands of the United Kingdom, using standardized methods over two field seasons. No differences were found between the restored landfill and reference sites in terms of species richness or abundance of plants in flower and both types of site had similar assemblages of pollinators. However, plant and insect assemblages differed across the season, with species richness and abundance being lower for the restored landfill sites in the spring and higher in the autumn compared to the reference sites. The results indicate that in this region, landfill sites are being restored to a state comparable to that of the reference sites with regards to their provision of floral resources and the associated insect pollinator assemblages. Since there are currently 2,200 working landfill sites in England and Wales, covering 28,000 ha, and closing at a rate of 100 per year, this is potentially a significant reserve of land that could be restored.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationRestoration Ecology
    Pages1-9
    Number of pages9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Publication series

    NameRestoration Ecology

    Fingerprint

    landfill
    grassland
    insect
    pollinator
    resource
    species richness
    flower visiting
    habitat loss
    habitat fragmentation
    restoration
    evaluation
    flower
    autumn
    agriculture
    vegetation
    habitat

    Keywords

    • biodiversity
    • brown-field
    • flower-visiting
    • habitat
    • pollinator
    • restored

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Pollinators are declining in Europe due to intensification of agriculture, habitat loss and fragmentation. Restored landfill sites are a significant potential reserve of semi-natural habitat, so their conservation value for supporting populations of pollinating insects was here examined by assessing whether the plant and pollinator assemblages of restored landfill sites are comparable to reference sites of existing wildlife value. Floral characteristics of the vegetation and the species richness and abundance of flower-visiting insect assemblages were compared between nine pairs of restored landfill sites and reference sites in the East Midlands of the United Kingdom, using standardized methods over two field seasons. No differences were found between the restored landfill and reference sites in terms of species richness or abundance of plants in flower and both types of site had similar assemblages of pollinators. However, plant and insect assemblages differed across the season, with species richness and abundance being lower for the restored landfill sites in the spring and higher in the autumn compared to the reference sites. The results indicate that in this region, landfill sites are being restored to a state comparable to that of the reference sites with regards to their provision of floral resources and the associated insect pollinator assemblages. Since there are currently 2,200 working landfill sites in England and Wales, covering 28,000 ha, and closing at a rate of 100 per year, this is potentially a significant reserve of land that could be restored.",
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    author = "Sam Tarrant and Jeff Ollerton and Lutfor Rahman and Joanna Tarrant and Duncan Mccollin",
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    Grassland Restoration on Landfill Sites in the East Midlands , United Kingdom : An Evaluation of Floral Resources and Pollinating Insects. / Tarrant, Sam; Ollerton, Jeff; Rahman, Lutfor; Tarrant, Joanna; Mccollin, Duncan.

    Restoration Ecology. 2012. p. 1-9 (Restoration Ecology).

    Research output: Contribution to Book/Report typesChapterResearchpeer-review

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Grassland Restoration on Landfill Sites in the East Midlands , United Kingdom : An Evaluation of Floral Resources and Pollinating Insects

    AU - Tarrant, Sam

    AU - Ollerton, Jeff

    AU - Rahman, Lutfor

    AU - Tarrant, Joanna

    AU - Mccollin, Duncan

    PY - 2012

    Y1 - 2012

    N2 - Pollinators are declining in Europe due to intensification of agriculture, habitat loss and fragmentation. Restored landfill sites are a significant potential reserve of semi-natural habitat, so their conservation value for supporting populations of pollinating insects was here examined by assessing whether the plant and pollinator assemblages of restored landfill sites are comparable to reference sites of existing wildlife value. Floral characteristics of the vegetation and the species richness and abundance of flower-visiting insect assemblages were compared between nine pairs of restored landfill sites and reference sites in the East Midlands of the United Kingdom, using standardized methods over two field seasons. No differences were found between the restored landfill and reference sites in terms of species richness or abundance of plants in flower and both types of site had similar assemblages of pollinators. However, plant and insect assemblages differed across the season, with species richness and abundance being lower for the restored landfill sites in the spring and higher in the autumn compared to the reference sites. The results indicate that in this region, landfill sites are being restored to a state comparable to that of the reference sites with regards to their provision of floral resources and the associated insect pollinator assemblages. Since there are currently 2,200 working landfill sites in England and Wales, covering 28,000 ha, and closing at a rate of 100 per year, this is potentially a significant reserve of land that could be restored.

    AB - Pollinators are declining in Europe due to intensification of agriculture, habitat loss and fragmentation. Restored landfill sites are a significant potential reserve of semi-natural habitat, so their conservation value for supporting populations of pollinating insects was here examined by assessing whether the plant and pollinator assemblages of restored landfill sites are comparable to reference sites of existing wildlife value. Floral characteristics of the vegetation and the species richness and abundance of flower-visiting insect assemblages were compared between nine pairs of restored landfill sites and reference sites in the East Midlands of the United Kingdom, using standardized methods over two field seasons. No differences were found between the restored landfill and reference sites in terms of species richness or abundance of plants in flower and both types of site had similar assemblages of pollinators. However, plant and insect assemblages differed across the season, with species richness and abundance being lower for the restored landfill sites in the spring and higher in the autumn compared to the reference sites. The results indicate that in this region, landfill sites are being restored to a state comparable to that of the reference sites with regards to their provision of floral resources and the associated insect pollinator assemblages. Since there are currently 2,200 working landfill sites in England and Wales, covering 28,000 ha, and closing at a rate of 100 per year, this is potentially a significant reserve of land that could be restored.

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    KW - brown-field

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    KW - habitat

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    UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/grassland-restoration-landfill-sites-east-midlands-united-kingdom-evaluation-floral-resources-pollin

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    DO - 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2012.00942.x [Accessed 6 May 2016]

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    SN - 1061-2971

    T3 - Restoration Ecology

    SP - 1

    EP - 9

    BT - Restoration Ecology

    ER -