The laser surface transformation hardening (LSTH) of AISI 4130 steel by 1600 W high power diode laser (HPDL) and 700 W Nd:YAG lasers were investigated in this present study. The distribution influence, and the lasers beam shape; Top-hat in the HPDL and Gaussian distribution in the Nd:YAG laser, have been studied on the geometrical dimensions, and micro-hardness in hardened area (i.e.; depth, width, and angle of entry of hardened profile), micro-hardness deviation (MHD) from the row steel in geometric dimensions, and the ferrite's percentage in hardened layer center. Microstructure evaluation of the laser hardened areas were performed by FE-SEM and optical microscopy. Based on the results, maximum hardness was created with the HPDL, and the geometrical dimension was more than the Nd:YAG laser. Also, MHD, and minor phase of ferrite in the HPDL laser surface hardening than the hardened layer in Nd:YAG laser, which is related to the higher laser absorption. Results show that, the hardened zone of HPDL is about 698 HV0.1 with 1.02 mm depth, while for Nd:YAG laser is about 698 HV0.1 with 0.98 mm depth. Comparing the results with the furnace hardening heat treatment (FHT) demonstrated that the hardness in diode laser and Nd:YAG laser hardening are 1.38 and 1.22 times of the hardness in FHT, respectively.
- Industrial lasers
- laser surface hardening
- AISI 4130 low alloy carbon steel
- Beam shape