Is There a Relationship Between Cyber-Dependent Crime, Autistic-Like Traits and Autism?

K.-L. Payne, A. Russell, R. Mills, K. Maras, D. Rai, M. Brosnan

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


International law enforcement agencies have reported an apparent preponderance of autistic individuals amongst perpetrators of cyber-dependent crimes, such as hacking or spreading malware (Ledingham and Mills in Adv Autism 1:1–10, 2015). However, no empirical evidence exists to support such a relationship. This is the first study to empirically explore potential relationships between cyber-dependent crime and autism, autistic-like traits, explicit social cognition and perceived interpersonal support. Participants were 290 internet users, 23 of whom self-reported being autistic, who completed an anonymous online survey. Increased risk of committing cyber-dependent crime was associated with higher autistic-like traits. A diagnosis of autism was associated with a decreased risk of committing cyber-dependent crime. Around 40% of the association between autistic-like traits and cyber-dependent crime was mediated by advanced digital skills.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4159–4169
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Early online date2 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019


  • Cyber-dependent crime
  • Digital skills
  • Autism ·
  • Autistic-like traits
  • Explicit social cognition
  • Interpersonal support


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