In people with hypertension, systolic blood pressure (SBP) reactivity to an isometric handgrip task (IHGT), but not a cold pressure task (CPT), is predictive of IHG training-induced reductions in resting SBP. To investigate whether these findings could be extended to include young normotensives, resting BP and BP reactivity to an IHGT (2-minute sustained contraction at 30% maximal voluntary contraction, MVC) and a CPT (2-minute hand immersion in a cold water bath) were measured prior to and following 10 weeks of IHG training (4, 2-minute IHG contractions at 30% MVC, using alternating hands, interspersed with 1-minute rest periods, 3X/week) in 7 normotensive individuals (3 females, 4 males; age=25 ± 5.7 years). BP reactivity was derived by calculating the difference between peak stress BP and mean baseline resting BP. Significant training-induced reductions in resting SBP (p<0.001) were strongly correlated with pre-training SBP reactivity to the IHGT (r=-0.8, p=0.03), but not the CPT (r= 0.2, p=0.6). These preliminary findings suggest that SBP reactivity to a short and simple handgrip task can be used as a predictive tool to identify who will respond best to IHG training. It might be possible to further explore how the IHG training stimulus could be optimized in non-responders, to ensure that they too, experience reductions in resting BP.
|Publication status||Published - 22 Oct 2014|
|Event||Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology - St John’s, Canada, St John’s, Canada|
Duration: 22 Oct 2014 → 25 Oct 2014
|Conference||Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology|
|Period||22/10/14 → 25/10/14|