Management of shoulder dystocia using the HELPERR mnemonic

Mary Huntley, Janice Dickson Smith

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


Shoulder dystocia is a rare obstetric emergency which can be managed using the HELPERR mnemonic. Midwives should recognise the signs and understand the principles of managing shoulder dystocia. Step-by-step images to illustrate the HELPERR mnemonic can enhance knowledge and understanding of this logical sequence of actions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-244
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Midwifery
Issue number4
Early online date7 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2017


  • Obstetric emergencies
  • shoulder dystocia
  • diagnosis
  • episiotomy
  • pressure


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