Opening Doors to Recovery: Recidivism and Recovery Among Persons With Serious Mental Illnesses and Repeated Hospitalizations

Michael T. Compton, Mary E. Kelley, Alicia Pope, Kelly Smith, Beth Broussard, Thomas A. Reed, June A. DiPolito, Benjamin G. Druss, Charles Li, Nora Lott Haynes

Research output: Contribution to Book/ReportChapterpeer-review


OBJECTIVE: Repeated hospitalizations and arrests or incarcerations diminish the ability of individuals with serious mental illnesses to pursue recovery. Community mental health systems need new models to address recidivism as well as service fragmentation, lack of engagement by local stakeholders, and poor communication between mental health providers and the police. This study examined the initial effects on institutional recidivism and measures of recovery among persons enrolled in Opening Doors to Recovery, an intensive, team-based community support program for persons with mental illness and a history of inpatient psychiatric recidivism. A randomized controlled trial of the model is underway. METHODS: The number of hospitalizations, days hospitalized, and arrests (all from state administrative sources) in the year before enrollment and during the first 12 months of enrollment in the program were compared. Longitudinal trajectories of recovery-using three self-report and five clinician-rated measures-were examined. Analyses accounted for baseline symptom severity and intensity of involvement in the program. RESULTS: One hundred participants were enrolled, and 72 were included in the analyses. Hospitalizations decreased, from 1.9+/-1.6 to .6+/-.9 (p
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPsychiatric Services
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

Publication series

NamePsychiatric Services


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