Pioneers of World Wide Web Fascism: The British Extreme Right and Web 1.0

Research output: Contribution to Book/ReportChapter

Abstract

This chapter explores the ways that, around the turn of the millennium, British fascist organisations, such as the British National Party, and leading ideologues, such as David Irving, developed websites as part of their activism. It uses the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine to engage in a ‘web history’ of this early online activism by British fascists. It argues that websites could sometimes be used to help present British fascist politics as more respectable, as in the case of the BNP, or alternatively as a way to allow activists access to the fringe cultic milieu of British fascism, steeped in conspiracy theories, overt neo-Nazism and other ideas deeply oppositional to mainstream perspectives. It concludes that, although often amateurish and poorly resourced, British fascist groups were often eager early adopters of Web 1.0, and argues that a deeper understating of this early ‘web history’ offers important context for those studying contemporary forms of extreme right online activism.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDigital Extremisms
Subtitle of host publicationReadings in Violence, Radicalisation and Extremism in the Online Space
EditorsBenjamin Lee, Mark Littler
Place of PublicationBasingstoke
PublisherPalgrave Macmilan
Chapter2
Pages13-36
Number of pages24
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)9783030301385
ISBN (Print)9783030301385, 9783030301378
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2020

Publication series

NamePalgrave Studies in Cybercrime and Cybersecurity
PublisherPalgrave

Fingerprint

World Wide Web
Pioneers
Extreme Right
Fascism
Activism
Web Sites
History
Millennium
Ideologues
British National Party
Activists
Conspiracy Theory
Neo-Nazism
Milieu

Keywords

  • groupuscular
  • cultic milieu
  • fascism
  • neo-Nazi
  • web history

Cite this

Jackson, P. (2020). Pioneers of World Wide Web Fascism: The British Extreme Right and Web 1.0. In B. Lee, & M. Littler (Eds.), Digital Extremisms : Readings in Violence, Radicalisation and Extremism in the Online Space (1 ed., pp. 13-36). (Palgrave Studies in Cybercrime and Cybersecurity). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmilan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-30138-5
Jackson, Paul. / Pioneers of World Wide Web Fascism: The British Extreme Right and Web 1.0. Digital Extremisms : Readings in Violence, Radicalisation and Extremism in the Online Space. editor / Benjamin Lee ; Mark Littler. 1. ed. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmilan, 2020. pp. 13-36 (Palgrave Studies in Cybercrime and Cybersecurity).
@inbook{ef7b5f1006c545d3aeaee0e5defded14,
title = "Pioneers of World Wide Web Fascism: The British Extreme Right and Web 1.0",
abstract = "This chapter explores the ways that, around the turn of the millennium, British fascist organisations, such as the British National Party, and leading ideologues, such as David Irving, developed websites as part of their activism. It uses the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine to engage in a ‘web history’ of this early online activism by British fascists. It argues that websites could sometimes be used to help present British fascist politics as more respectable, as in the case of the BNP, or alternatively as a way to allow activists access to the fringe cultic milieu of British fascism, steeped in conspiracy theories, overt neo-Nazism and other ideas deeply oppositional to mainstream perspectives. It concludes that, although often amateurish and poorly resourced, British fascist groups were often eager early adopters of Web 1.0, and argues that a deeper understating of this early ‘web history’ offers important context for those studying contemporary forms of extreme right online activism.",
keywords = "groupuscular, cultic milieu, fascism, neo-Nazi, web history",
author = "Paul Jackson",
year = "2020",
month = "3",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-030-30138-5",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783030301385",
series = "Palgrave Studies in Cybercrime and Cybersecurity",
publisher = "Palgrave Macmilan",
pages = "13--36",
editor = "Benjamin Lee and Littler, {Mark }",
booktitle = "Digital Extremisms",
edition = "1",

}

Jackson, P 2020, Pioneers of World Wide Web Fascism: The British Extreme Right and Web 1.0. in B Lee & M Littler (eds), Digital Extremisms : Readings in Violence, Radicalisation and Extremism in the Online Space. 1 edn, Palgrave Studies in Cybercrime and Cybersecurity, Palgrave Macmilan, Basingstoke, pp. 13-36. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-30138-5

Pioneers of World Wide Web Fascism: The British Extreme Right and Web 1.0. / Jackson, Paul.

Digital Extremisms : Readings in Violence, Radicalisation and Extremism in the Online Space. ed. / Benjamin Lee; Mark Littler. 1. ed. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmilan, 2020. p. 13-36 (Palgrave Studies in Cybercrime and Cybersecurity).

Research output: Contribution to Book/ReportChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Pioneers of World Wide Web Fascism: The British Extreme Right and Web 1.0

AU - Jackson, Paul

PY - 2020/3/12

Y1 - 2020/3/12

N2 - This chapter explores the ways that, around the turn of the millennium, British fascist organisations, such as the British National Party, and leading ideologues, such as David Irving, developed websites as part of their activism. It uses the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine to engage in a ‘web history’ of this early online activism by British fascists. It argues that websites could sometimes be used to help present British fascist politics as more respectable, as in the case of the BNP, or alternatively as a way to allow activists access to the fringe cultic milieu of British fascism, steeped in conspiracy theories, overt neo-Nazism and other ideas deeply oppositional to mainstream perspectives. It concludes that, although often amateurish and poorly resourced, British fascist groups were often eager early adopters of Web 1.0, and argues that a deeper understating of this early ‘web history’ offers important context for those studying contemporary forms of extreme right online activism.

AB - This chapter explores the ways that, around the turn of the millennium, British fascist organisations, such as the British National Party, and leading ideologues, such as David Irving, developed websites as part of their activism. It uses the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine to engage in a ‘web history’ of this early online activism by British fascists. It argues that websites could sometimes be used to help present British fascist politics as more respectable, as in the case of the BNP, or alternatively as a way to allow activists access to the fringe cultic milieu of British fascism, steeped in conspiracy theories, overt neo-Nazism and other ideas deeply oppositional to mainstream perspectives. It concludes that, although often amateurish and poorly resourced, British fascist groups were often eager early adopters of Web 1.0, and argues that a deeper understating of this early ‘web history’ offers important context for those studying contemporary forms of extreme right online activism.

KW - groupuscular

KW - cultic milieu

KW - fascism

KW - neo-Nazi

KW - web history

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/digital-extremisms

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-030-30138-5

DO - 10.1007/978-3-030-30138-5

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9783030301385

SN - 9783030301378

T3 - Palgrave Studies in Cybercrime and Cybersecurity

SP - 13

EP - 36

BT - Digital Extremisms

A2 - Lee, Benjamin

A2 - Littler, Mark

PB - Palgrave Macmilan

CY - Basingstoke

ER -

Jackson P. Pioneers of World Wide Web Fascism: The British Extreme Right and Web 1.0. In Lee B, Littler M, editors, Digital Extremisms : Readings in Violence, Radicalisation and Extremism in the Online Space. 1 ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmilan. 2020. p. 13-36. (Palgrave Studies in Cybercrime and Cybersecurity). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-30138-5