Pollinator availability, mating system and variation in flower morphology in a tropical savanna tree

André Rodrigo Rech, Leonardo Ré Jorge, Jeff Ollerton, Marlies Sazima

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Widely distributed organisms face different ecological scenarios throughout their range, which can potentially lead to micro-evolutionary differentiation at specific localities. Mating systems of animal pollinated plants are supposed to evolve in response to the availability of local pollinators, with consequent changes in flower morphology. We tested the relationship among pollination , mating system, and flower morphology over a large spatial scale in Brazilian savannas using the tree Curatella americana (Dilleniaceae). We compared fruit set with and without pollinators in the field, and analyzed pollen tube growth from self- and cross-pollinated flowers in different populations. Populations with higher natural fruit set also had lower fruit set in bagged flowers, suggesting stronger barriers to self-fertilization. Furthermore, higher levels of autogamy in field experiments were associated with more pollen tubes reaching ovules in self-pollinated flowers. Morphometric studies of floral and leaf traits indicate closer-set reproductive organs, larger stigmas and smaller anthers in populations with more autogamy. We show that the spatial variation in mating system, flower morphology and pollination previously described for herbs also applies to long-lived, perennial tropical trees, thus reemphasizing that mating systems are a population-based attribute that vary according to the ecological scenario where the plants occur.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)462-472
    Number of pages11
    JournalActa Botanica Brasilica
    Volume32
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

    Fingerprint

    mating systems
    pollinators
    savannas
    flowers
    fruit set
    autogamy
    pollen tubes
    pollination
    Dilleniaceae
    selfing
    stigma
    ovules
    anthers
    spatial variation
    gonads
    herbs
    organisms
    leaves
    animals

    Cite this

    Rech, André Rodrigo ; Jorge, Leonardo Ré ; Ollerton, Jeff ; Sazima, Marlies. / Pollinator availability, mating system and variation in flower morphology in a tropical savanna tree. In: Acta Botanica Brasilica. 2018 ; Vol. 32, No. 3. pp. 462-472.
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    abstract = "Widely distributed organisms face different ecological scenarios throughout their range, which can potentially lead to micro-evolutionary differentiation at specific localities. Mating systems of animal pollinated plants are supposed to evolve in response to the availability of local pollinators, with consequent changes in flower morphology. We tested the relationship among pollination , mating system, and flower morphology over a large spatial scale in Brazilian savannas using the tree Curatella americana (Dilleniaceae). We compared fruit set with and without pollinators in the field, and analyzed pollen tube growth from self- and cross-pollinated flowers in different populations. Populations with higher natural fruit set also had lower fruit set in bagged flowers, suggesting stronger barriers to self-fertilization. Furthermore, higher levels of autogamy in field experiments were associated with more pollen tubes reaching ovules in self-pollinated flowers. Morphometric studies of floral and leaf traits indicate closer-set reproductive organs, larger stigmas and smaller anthers in populations with more autogamy. We show that the spatial variation in mating system, flower morphology and pollination previously described for herbs also applies to long-lived, perennial tropical trees, thus reemphasizing that mating systems are a population-based attribute that vary according to the ecological scenario where the plants occur.",
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    Pollinator availability, mating system and variation in flower morphology in a tropical savanna tree. / Rech, André Rodrigo; Jorge, Leonardo Ré; Ollerton, Jeff; Sazima, Marlies.

    In: Acta Botanica Brasilica, Vol. 32, No. 3, 09.2018, p. 462-472.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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