To confirm and extend previous studies, we performed annual Enzyme- Linked Immunospot interferon-gamma assays on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 77 paediatric boys with DMD recruited into a natural history study, 69 of whom (89.6%) were treated with corticosteroids. T cell responses to dystrophin were quantified using a total of 368 peptides spanning the entire dystrophin protein, organized into nine peptide pools. Peptide mapping pools were used to further localize the immune response in one positive patient.
Six (7.8%) patients had a T cell-mediated immune response to dystrophin at at least one timepoint. All patients that had a positive result had been treated with corticosteroids, either prednisolone or prednisone.
Our results show that ~8% of DMD individuals in our cohort have a pre-existing T cell-mediated immune response to dystrophin despite steroid treatment. Although these responses are relatively low-level, this information should be considered as a useful immunological baseline before undertaking clinical trials and future DMD studies. We further highlight the importance for a robust, reproducible standard operating procedure for collecting, storing and shipping samples from multiple centres to minimise the number of inconclusive data.
|Journal||Human Gene Therapy|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 15 Oct 2022|
- Duchenne muscular dystrophy
- Gene therapy
- T cells