The detection and policing of gun crime: challenges to the effective policing of gun crime in Europe

Mike Hellenbach, Sue Elliott, F. Jeane Gerard, Becky Crookes, Thanos Stamos, Helen Poole, Erica Bowen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Despite a shared understanding across the European Union (EU) that access to firearms by the general public should be restricted, detailed legislation regarding the ownership, use and trade of firearms varies between EU member states. It is unclear, however, how such variations impact on the policing of gun-enabled crime. By using qualitative data generated from interviews with police, policy and decision makers from 13 European countries, we aim to determine how stakeholders perceive that national variations in firearms legislation affect the policing of gun-enabled crime within and across EU countries. Four main themes were identified from the qualitative data: disparities in legislation, disparities in the priority given and the resources allocated to investigations into gun-enabled crime, as well as interventions. Owing to the aforementioned disparities, cross-national investigations into incidents of gun crime are at risk of remaining impaired in their effectiveness. Therefore, more legislative coherency as well as sustainable long-term interventions will be needed to successfully reduce ownership and use of firearms in the criminal world. In this context, a departure from an exclusive use of an economic model of gun crime is recommended to allow for a better understanding of the dynamics of the black gun market.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Criminology
    Early online date9 Jan 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Jan 2017

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    offense
    legislation
    black market
    economic model
    decision maker
    incident
    police
    stakeholder
    interview
    resources

    Keywords

    • Firearm
    • illegal
    • intervention
    • investigation
    • policy

    Cite this

    Hellenbach, Mike ; Elliott, Sue ; Gerard, F. Jeane ; Crookes, Becky ; Stamos, Thanos ; Poole, Helen ; Bowen, Erica. / The detection and policing of gun crime: challenges to the effective policing of gun crime in Europe. In: European Journal of Criminology. 2017.
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    abstract = "Despite a shared understanding across the European Union (EU) that access to firearms by the general public should be restricted, detailed legislation regarding the ownership, use and trade of firearms varies between EU member states. It is unclear, however, how such variations impact on the policing of gun-enabled crime. By using qualitative data generated from interviews with police, policy and decision makers from 13 European countries, we aim to determine how stakeholders perceive that national variations in firearms legislation affect the policing of gun-enabled crime within and across EU countries. Four main themes were identified from the qualitative data: disparities in legislation, disparities in the priority given and the resources allocated to investigations into gun-enabled crime, as well as interventions. Owing to the aforementioned disparities, cross-national investigations into incidents of gun crime are at risk of remaining impaired in their effectiveness. Therefore, more legislative coherency as well as sustainable long-term interventions will be needed to successfully reduce ownership and use of firearms in the criminal world. In this context, a departure from an exclusive use of an economic model of gun crime is recommended to allow for a better understanding of the dynamics of the black gun market.",
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    The detection and policing of gun crime: challenges to the effective policing of gun crime in Europe. / Hellenbach, Mike; Elliott, Sue; Gerard, F. Jeane; Crookes, Becky; Stamos, Thanos; Poole, Helen; Bowen, Erica.

    In: European Journal of Criminology, 09.01.2017.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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