The evolutions of droplet radii and temperatures for ethanol and gasoline fuels and their blends are investigated using a modified version of the Discrete Component (DC) model, taking into account the effect of the activity coefficient (AC). The universal quasi-chemical functional–group AC (UNIFAC) model is used to predict the ACs of the blended ethanol and gasoline fuels approximated by 21 components. In contrast to previous studies, it is shown that droplet lifetimes predicted for pure gasoline are not always shorter than those predicted for ethanol/gasoline blends. They depend on the total vapour pressure of the mixture. It is shown that the original DC model predicts ethanol/gasoline fuel droplet lifetimes with errors up to 5.7% compared to those predicted using the same model but with the ACs obtained from the UNIFAC model.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer|
|Early online date||26 Sep 2018|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2018|
- Activity coefficient
- Fuel blends