The potential for gamma-emitting radionuclides to contribute to an understanding of erosion processes in Southern Africa

Ian D L Foster, Kate M Rowntree, John Boardman, T M Mighall

Research output: Contribution to ConferencePaper

Abstract

Several early studies have pointed to the fact that 137Cs could be detected in soils and sediments in Southern Africa (e.g. Kulander & Stromquist, 1989; Owens & Walling, 1996). Despite the relatively low southern hemisphere fallout of this predominantly nuclear weapons-testing derived isotope, few studies have continued to explore the potential for 137Cs and other gamma-emitting radionuclides to be used for understanding erosion processes and erosion history. For the last 9 years, we have been evaluating the potential for 137Cs and 210Pb to be used for constructing chronologies in a range of depositional environments including dryland and permanently flooded reservoirs and hillslope fan and floodout deposits. We have explored the potential for short-lived cosmogenic and other long-lived primordial nuclides to act as sediment fingerprints to aid in reconstructing changes in sediment sources in the same range of depositional environments. This paper will review the evidence to date and evaluate the potential, and limitations, of a range of gamma-emitting radionuclides to be used for understanding and managing erosion and land degradation problems in Southern Africa
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2012
EventSouthern African Association of Geomorphologists (SAAG) Biennial Conference - Gobabeb, Namibia
Duration: 1 Sep 2012 → …
http://www.sasqua.net/meetings-um.htm

Conference

ConferenceSouthern African Association of Geomorphologists (SAAG) Biennial Conference
Period1/09/12 → …
Internet address

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radionuclide
erosion
depositional environment
nuclear weapons testing
sediment
land degradation
fallout
hillslope
Southern Hemisphere
chronology
isotope
history
Southern Africa
soil

Cite this

Foster, I. D. L., Rowntree, K. M., Boardman, J., & Mighall, T. M. (2012). The potential for gamma-emitting radionuclides to contribute to an understanding of erosion processes in Southern Africa. Paper presented at Southern African Association of Geomorphologists (SAAG) Biennial Conference, .
Foster, Ian D L ; Rowntree, Kate M ; Boardman, John ; Mighall, T M. / The potential for gamma-emitting radionuclides to contribute to an understanding of erosion processes in Southern Africa. Paper presented at Southern African Association of Geomorphologists (SAAG) Biennial Conference, .
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abstract = "Several early studies have pointed to the fact that 137Cs could be detected in soils and sediments in Southern Africa (e.g. Kulander & Stromquist, 1989; Owens & Walling, 1996). Despite the relatively low southern hemisphere fallout of this predominantly nuclear weapons-testing derived isotope, few studies have continued to explore the potential for 137Cs and other gamma-emitting radionuclides to be used for understanding erosion processes and erosion history. For the last 9 years, we have been evaluating the potential for 137Cs and 210Pb to be used for constructing chronologies in a range of depositional environments including dryland and permanently flooded reservoirs and hillslope fan and floodout deposits. We have explored the potential for short-lived cosmogenic and other long-lived primordial nuclides to act as sediment fingerprints to aid in reconstructing changes in sediment sources in the same range of depositional environments. This paper will review the evidence to date and evaluate the potential, and limitations, of a range of gamma-emitting radionuclides to be used for understanding and managing erosion and land degradation problems in Southern Africa",
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Foster, IDL, Rowntree, KM, Boardman, J & Mighall, TM 2012, 'The potential for gamma-emitting radionuclides to contribute to an understanding of erosion processes in Southern Africa', Paper presented at Southern African Association of Geomorphologists (SAAG) Biennial Conference, 1/09/12.

The potential for gamma-emitting radionuclides to contribute to an understanding of erosion processes in Southern Africa. / Foster, Ian D L; Rowntree, Kate M; Boardman, John; Mighall, T M.

2012. Paper presented at Southern African Association of Geomorphologists (SAAG) Biennial Conference, .

Research output: Contribution to ConferencePaper

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T1 - The potential for gamma-emitting radionuclides to contribute to an understanding of erosion processes in Southern Africa

AU - Foster, Ian D L

AU - Rowntree, Kate M

AU - Boardman, John

AU - Mighall, T M

PY - 2012/9/1

Y1 - 2012/9/1

N2 - Several early studies have pointed to the fact that 137Cs could be detected in soils and sediments in Southern Africa (e.g. Kulander & Stromquist, 1989; Owens & Walling, 1996). Despite the relatively low southern hemisphere fallout of this predominantly nuclear weapons-testing derived isotope, few studies have continued to explore the potential for 137Cs and other gamma-emitting radionuclides to be used for understanding erosion processes and erosion history. For the last 9 years, we have been evaluating the potential for 137Cs and 210Pb to be used for constructing chronologies in a range of depositional environments including dryland and permanently flooded reservoirs and hillslope fan and floodout deposits. We have explored the potential for short-lived cosmogenic and other long-lived primordial nuclides to act as sediment fingerprints to aid in reconstructing changes in sediment sources in the same range of depositional environments. This paper will review the evidence to date and evaluate the potential, and limitations, of a range of gamma-emitting radionuclides to be used for understanding and managing erosion and land degradation problems in Southern Africa

AB - Several early studies have pointed to the fact that 137Cs could be detected in soils and sediments in Southern Africa (e.g. Kulander & Stromquist, 1989; Owens & Walling, 1996). Despite the relatively low southern hemisphere fallout of this predominantly nuclear weapons-testing derived isotope, few studies have continued to explore the potential for 137Cs and other gamma-emitting radionuclides to be used for understanding erosion processes and erosion history. For the last 9 years, we have been evaluating the potential for 137Cs and 210Pb to be used for constructing chronologies in a range of depositional environments including dryland and permanently flooded reservoirs and hillslope fan and floodout deposits. We have explored the potential for short-lived cosmogenic and other long-lived primordial nuclides to act as sediment fingerprints to aid in reconstructing changes in sediment sources in the same range of depositional environments. This paper will review the evidence to date and evaluate the potential, and limitations, of a range of gamma-emitting radionuclides to be used for understanding and managing erosion and land degradation problems in Southern Africa

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M3 - Paper

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Foster IDL, Rowntree KM, Boardman J, Mighall TM. The potential for gamma-emitting radionuclides to contribute to an understanding of erosion processes in Southern Africa. 2012. Paper presented at Southern African Association of Geomorphologists (SAAG) Biennial Conference, .