The current study explored the use of ballistic examinations and cross-border information sharing across 14 European countries. The presented data were collected using a mixed methods technique consisting of semi-structured interviews and questionnaires that were completed by participants. The results painted a very heterogeneous picture of the use of automated ballistic systems across these countries, as well as how ballistic analyses are integrated in the fight against gun-enabled crime. Three super-ordinates themes emerged from the thematic analysis: use of automated ballistic systems; ballistic evidence recovery and analysis; knowledge exchange and best practices. The ability to draw firm conclusions regarding the value of ballistics comparison systems, either on a national or cross-border basis, is hampered by inconsistencies regarding data recording practices and definitions. Therefore, key recommendations are suggested to establish better cross border cooperation between member states and develop a better understanding of data sharing procedures.
- ballistic evidence sharing
- European ballistic database
- open case file
- cross-border comparison
Gerard, F. J., Crookes, R. L., Elliott, S., Hellenbach, M., Stamos, A., Poole, H., & Bowen, E. (2017). The sharing of ballistics data across Europe and neighbouring territories. Science & Justice, 57(5). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2017.04.010