Time-centric and resource-driven composition for the Internet of Things

Zakaria Maamar, Noura Faci, Mohammed Al-Khafajiy, Murtada Dohan

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


Internet of Things (IoT), one of the fastest growing Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), is playing a major role in provisioning contextualized, smart services to end-users and organizations. To sustain this role, many challenges must be tackled with focus in this paper on the design and development of thing composition. The complex nature of today’s needs requires groups of things, and not separate things, to work together to satisfy these needs. By analogy with other ICTs like Web services, thing composition is specified with a model that uses dependencies to decide upon things that will do what, where, when, and why. Two types of dependencies are adopted, regular that schedule the execution chronology of things and special that coordinate the operations of things when they run into obstacles like unavailability of resources to use. Both resource use and resource availability are specified in compliance with Allen’s time intervals upon which reasoning takes place. This reasoning is technically demonstrated through a system extending EdgeCloudSim and backed with a set of experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100460
JournalInternet of Things
Early online date26 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


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