To trade or not to trade: relaxing the ban on the trade in endangered species

Research output: Contribution to ConferencePaper

Abstract

The Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) has controlled and limited the trade in endangered species since 1973. In the UK, the Endangered Species (Import and Export) Act 1976 (as amended) gives effect to CITES, and lists in Schedules 1-3 the species for which import and export are prohibited without a licence. Poaching of endangered species continues to rise however driven, along with all acquisitive crimes, by the huge potential profits. In 2012, the Environmental Investigation Agency gave evidence of ivory on sale in China at over US$6,500/kg – a 2200% increase of the amount paid to poachers. In 2011, Kenyan President Kibaki “set ablaze five tonnes of ivory” with a conservative potential resale value of US$30m – 63 per cent of the Kenyan Wildlife Service’s 2013 income. In 2013/4, the National Geographic reported that in excess of 50 tonnes of ivory, with a potential value of US$300m, had been earmarked for destruction. This paper builds on the work of Martin et al (African Ivory), and Biggs et al (African rhino horn). It assesses the extent to which a relaxation in the 1976 Act, and appropriate redistribution of the resulting income, could benefit conservation, or whether such an approach would effectively guarantee a market, thus encouraging a large increase in poaching.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2015
EventSocio Legal Studies Association Annual Conference - University of Warwick
Duration: 31 Mar 20151 Apr 2015
http://www.slsa.ac.uk/index.php/annual-conference

Conference

ConferenceSocio Legal Studies Association Annual Conference
Period31/03/151/04/15
Internet address

Fingerprint

endangered species
poaching
international trade
import
income
crime
market
convention

Keywords

  • Ivory
  • CITES
  • endangered species
  • wildlife crime

Cite this

Sneddon, S. (2015). To trade or not to trade: relaxing the ban on the trade in endangered species. Paper presented at Socio Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, .
Sneddon, Simon. / To trade or not to trade: relaxing the ban on the trade in endangered species. Paper presented at Socio Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, .
@conference{5e048246efbe4373a77a0918e12506b4,
title = "To trade or not to trade: relaxing the ban on the trade in endangered species",
abstract = "The Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) has controlled and limited the trade in endangered species since 1973. In the UK, the Endangered Species (Import and Export) Act 1976 (as amended) gives effect to CITES, and lists in Schedules 1-3 the species for which import and export are prohibited without a licence. Poaching of endangered species continues to rise however driven, along with all acquisitive crimes, by the huge potential profits. In 2012, the Environmental Investigation Agency gave evidence of ivory on sale in China at over US$6,500/kg – a 2200{\%} increase of the amount paid to poachers. In 2011, Kenyan President Kibaki “set ablaze five tonnes of ivory” with a conservative potential resale value of US$30m – 63 per cent of the Kenyan Wildlife Service’s 2013 income. In 2013/4, the National Geographic reported that in excess of 50 tonnes of ivory, with a potential value of US$300m, had been earmarked for destruction. This paper builds on the work of Martin et al (African Ivory), and Biggs et al (African rhino horn). It assesses the extent to which a relaxation in the 1976 Act, and appropriate redistribution of the resulting income, could benefit conservation, or whether such an approach would effectively guarantee a market, thus encouraging a large increase in poaching.",
keywords = "Ivory, CITES, endangered species, wildlife crime",
author = "Simon Sneddon",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
day = "31",
language = "English",
note = "Socio Legal Studies Association Annual Conference ; Conference date: 31-03-2015 Through 01-04-2015",
url = "http://www.slsa.ac.uk/index.php/annual-conference",

}

Sneddon, S 2015, 'To trade or not to trade: relaxing the ban on the trade in endangered species', Paper presented at Socio Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, 31/03/15 - 1/04/15.

To trade or not to trade: relaxing the ban on the trade in endangered species. / Sneddon, Simon.

2015. Paper presented at Socio Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, .

Research output: Contribution to ConferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - To trade or not to trade: relaxing the ban on the trade in endangered species

AU - Sneddon, Simon

PY - 2015/3/31

Y1 - 2015/3/31

N2 - The Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) has controlled and limited the trade in endangered species since 1973. In the UK, the Endangered Species (Import and Export) Act 1976 (as amended) gives effect to CITES, and lists in Schedules 1-3 the species for which import and export are prohibited without a licence. Poaching of endangered species continues to rise however driven, along with all acquisitive crimes, by the huge potential profits. In 2012, the Environmental Investigation Agency gave evidence of ivory on sale in China at over US$6,500/kg – a 2200% increase of the amount paid to poachers. In 2011, Kenyan President Kibaki “set ablaze five tonnes of ivory” with a conservative potential resale value of US$30m – 63 per cent of the Kenyan Wildlife Service’s 2013 income. In 2013/4, the National Geographic reported that in excess of 50 tonnes of ivory, with a potential value of US$300m, had been earmarked for destruction. This paper builds on the work of Martin et al (African Ivory), and Biggs et al (African rhino horn). It assesses the extent to which a relaxation in the 1976 Act, and appropriate redistribution of the resulting income, could benefit conservation, or whether such an approach would effectively guarantee a market, thus encouraging a large increase in poaching.

AB - The Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) has controlled and limited the trade in endangered species since 1973. In the UK, the Endangered Species (Import and Export) Act 1976 (as amended) gives effect to CITES, and lists in Schedules 1-3 the species for which import and export are prohibited without a licence. Poaching of endangered species continues to rise however driven, along with all acquisitive crimes, by the huge potential profits. In 2012, the Environmental Investigation Agency gave evidence of ivory on sale in China at over US$6,500/kg – a 2200% increase of the amount paid to poachers. In 2011, Kenyan President Kibaki “set ablaze five tonnes of ivory” with a conservative potential resale value of US$30m – 63 per cent of the Kenyan Wildlife Service’s 2013 income. In 2013/4, the National Geographic reported that in excess of 50 tonnes of ivory, with a potential value of US$300m, had been earmarked for destruction. This paper builds on the work of Martin et al (African Ivory), and Biggs et al (African rhino horn). It assesses the extent to which a relaxation in the 1976 Act, and appropriate redistribution of the resulting income, could benefit conservation, or whether such an approach would effectively guarantee a market, thus encouraging a large increase in poaching.

KW - Ivory

KW - CITES

KW - endangered species

KW - wildlife crime

UR - http://www.slsa.ac.uk/index.php/annual-conference

M3 - Paper

ER -

Sneddon S. To trade or not to trade: relaxing the ban on the trade in endangered species. 2015. Paper presented at Socio Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, .