To understand inclusion we must first examine the causes of exclusion

Research output: Contribution to Book/ReportConference Contributionpeer-review


The promotion of inclusive education has become a focus of international debate. Research which has considered teacher attitudes towards disability, the efficacy of inclusion policies and the ability of schools to address the needs of specific individuals with a range of needs has dominated the literature in this area. The causes of exclusion have received some attention, though often with a narrow focus upon single disability issues of other factors such as poverty or social class. In this paper I suggest the need for a more holistic approach to understanding the causes of exclusion. Placing current developments in a historical context I will suggest that there are parallels between current attitudes and expectations and those of the recent past and that these are inhibiting the assurance of equity and justice. Finally I provide indicators of the effectiveness and benefits of inclusion by drawing upon recent research and evidence that indicates the need to continue to address the challenges of marginalisation and exclusion.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ICCE Conference, Chennai 2018
PublisherAsia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education (APSCE)
ISBN (Print)978-986-94012-8-9
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ICCE Conference, Chennai 2018


  • Inclusion
  • poverty
  • disability
  • gender
  • caste
  • tribe
  • exclusion


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