Culture and religion are intertwined as most societies have religion in one form or another. This comparative study investigates the cultural similarities and differences between Egypt and the UK using Biblical texts. The research takes a qualitative approach and uses five Biblical verses as the basis of semi-structured interviews. 12 informants were interviewed; six from each country. Data were analyzed for some thematic cultural patterns. Among the extensive data collected, cultural trends were noticed and investigated. Findings are categorized into three themes: the Thinking, Emotional, and Relational Patterns. Egyptians in this study follow a theory-based binary mode of thinking as opposed to the pragmatic approach of the British interviewed in this study. The British are also more willing to negotiate based on case-by-case circumstances. The Emotional Pattern of the Egyptians also follows the binary mode where happiness and sadness are separate emotions with no overlap, with sadness given priority. The British tend to honor both happiness and sadness which are seen to overlap in a lot of situations. They see happiness as the ultimate goal and can find a positive element in sad events. The Relational Pattern the Egyptians use tends to categorize others according to their affiliations or groups. Others are generally seen in a negative light. Other paradigms do not seem to be approved of. The British do not categorize others; they may think of enemies as personal attackers. The British acknowledge the existence of other frames of reference (such as other cultures and traditions). These results are supported by cultural studies on collectivism/individualism, uncertainty avoidance, and high-/low-context communication. The use of sacred texts as central to the qualitative study is believed to improve the validity of cultural research.
|Date of Award||2013|
|Supervisor||Vladimir Zegarac (Supervisor)|