Study of Neem bark tannins for the leather industry

  • Muhammad Nadeem Syed

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis


Necin bark (1zadirach1a indica) contains a mixture of complex chemical components identified as: One procyanidin trirner Four dimers Cl Epicatechin-[4a-8j-epicatechin epicatechin. B1 Epicatechin- [4[3-8]-catechin, B2 Epicatechin- [43-8]-epicatechin, B3 Catechin-[4ct-81-catechin, B4 Catechin-[4a-81-epicatechin. Four well known monomers (+)-Catechin, (-)-Epicatechin, (+)-Gallocatechin, (-)-Epigallocatechin. Other compounds Quercetin, Kaempferol, Fisetin and Gallic acid These compounds were characterised by chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques, including by thiolytic degradation with toluene-a-thiol and using acetylated and methyl derivatives. Structural elucidation of the cleavage products was by ‘H-NMR. The backbone of the isolated compounds consisted mainly of a mixture of flavan-3-ol units with 2R- configuration. The purity of monomers, dimers and trimer was checked by HPLC on Lichrosorb RP8 column. The molecular weight distribution ranges between 250 and 5500 and the average molecular weight distribution was found to be 1550 by gel permeation chromatography. Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy demonstrated the complex nature of NBT molecular masses consist of monomeric, dimeric and trimeric units of procyanidin B and C types respectively. IR and FT-IR spectroscopy results were consistent with the rest of the techniques used. The hydrothermal stability of neem bark tannin tanned and crosslinked hide powder and leathers was found to be paralleled to mimosa tannin extract. Studies of the physical properties of tanned and retanned leathers showed corn pai.ahility of micem bark tannins with mimosa tannin extract
Date of Award2000
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Northampton
SupervisorAnthony D Covington (Supervisor)

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