4D Printing by Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)

Mohammad Aberoumand, Davood Rahmatabadi, Ahmad Aminzadeh, Mahmoud Moradi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to Book/ReportChapterpeer-review


4D printing is a pioneer field to produce functional smart devices. The combination of 3D printing and smart material is called as 4D printing. The extra dimension refers to time in order to shape transformation of the printed part during time. FDM is a universal process to 3D printing of thermoplastic polymers. Therefore, for successful and typical 4D printing a deep understanding of every aspect of shape memory polymers especially thermoplastic polymers is necessary. So, in this chapter, shape memory polymers, printing preparation such as filament production and FDM printing parameters, finally applications, previous finding and functional printed parts by FDM have been studied detailed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFused Deposition Modeling Based 3D Printing
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • 4D printing
  • FDM
  • SMP


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