From Data to Action: Empowering COVID-19 Monitoring and Forecasting with Intelligent Algorithms

Vincent Charles, Seyed Muhammad Hossein Mousavi, Tatiana Gherman*, S. Muhammad Hassan Mosavi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly impacted every aspect of our lives, from economic to the social facets of contemporary society. While the new COVID-19 waves may not be anticipated to be as severe as previous ones, it would be unreasonable to assume that they will cease any time soon. Consequently, forecasting the numbers of future infections, recovered patients, and death cases remains a very much logical step in trying to fight against further waves, in conjunction with ongoing vaccination efforts. In this paper, we investigate the efficiency of three intelligent machine-learning algorithms, namely GMDH, Bi-LSTM, and GA+NN, for COVID-19 forecasting, with an application to Iran and the United Kingdom. The experimental results show that the algorithms can be used to forecast the next six months of COVID-19 in terms of confirmed, recovered, and death cases, which gives a more ample timeframe for using the results to make better practical yet strategic decisions and take appropriate actions or measures to deploy resources effectively to contain or curb the spread of the coronavirus. Despite the distinct dynamics observed in the data, our analysis proves the robustness of the employed models.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of the Operational Research Society
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2023


  • OR in health services
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Machine Learning
  • COVID-19
  • Pandemics
  • Time Series Forecasting


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