Mapping the human genetic architecture of COVID-19 by worldwide meta-analysis

Andrea Ganna*, Jamal Nasir, 3631 others

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


The genetic makeup of an individual contributes to susceptibility and response to viral infection. While environmental, clinical and social factors play a role in exposure to SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 disease severity, host genetics may also be important. Identifying host-specific genetic factors indicate biological mechanisms of therapeutic relevance and clarify causal relationships of modifiable environmental risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 infection and outcomes. We formed a global network of researchers to investigate the role of human genetics in SARS-COV-2 infection and COVID-19 severity. We describe the results of three genome-wide association meta-analyses comprising up to 49,562 COVID-19 patients from 46 studies across 19 countries worldwide. We reported 13 genome-wide significant loci that are associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection or severe manifestations of COVID-19. Several of these loci correspond to previously documented associations to lung or autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. They also represent potentially actionable mechanisms in response to infection. We further identified smoking and body mass index as causal risk factors for severe COVID-19. The identification of novel host genetic factors associated with COVID-19, with unprecedented speed, was enabled by prioritization of shared resources and analytical frameworks. This working model of international collaboration provides a blue-print for future genetic discoveries in the event of pandemics or for any complex human disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-477
Number of pages6
Issue number7889
Early online date8 Jul 2021
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2021


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