Development and evaluation of a hospital discharge information package to empower parents in caring for a child with a fever

Josephine S van de Maat, Daphne van Klink, Anine den Hartogh-Griffioen, Eva Schmidt-Cnossen, Hester Rippen, Amber Hoek, Sarah Neill, Monica Lakhanpaul, Henriette A Moll, Rianne Oostenbrink

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: First, to explore parents’ views on and experiences of managing their febrile child and to assess their behaviour and needs when in search of information about fever; second, to develop and evaluate a hospital discharge information package about fever in children. Design: Mixed methods: (A) qualitative study with semistructured interviews and a focus group discussion (FGD) and (B) quantitative survey. Setting: Emergency department, non-acute hospital setting and day nursery in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Participants: Parents of children <18 years (interviews, n=22) parents of children under 5 years (FGD (n=14), survey (n=38)). Intervention: Information package about fever in children (leaflet and website including videos). Outcome measures quantitative survey: Knowledge of fever and confidence in caring for a febrile child (Likert scale 0–5). Results: Parents found fever mostly alarming, especially high fever. Help-seeking behaviour was based on either specific symptoms or on an undefined intuition. When parents did not feel recognised in their concern or felt criticised, anxiety increased as well as the threshold to seek healthcare for future illnesses. Information was needed, especially for situations when the general practitioner or social network were less easily available. This information should be reliable, consistent, available in multiple formats and include advice on management of fever at home and precise referral to medical services. Parents reported improved knowledge about fever (p<0.05) and mentioned improved confidence in caring for a child with fever at home after consulting the information package. Conclusion: Parents of children with a fever visiting the hospital are concerned about specific symptoms or based on an undefined intuition. Rather than telling parents that they should manage their child’s illness at home, healthcare professionals should recognise parental intuition and provide clear information on alarming signs and potential diagnoses to empower parents in the management of their febrile child.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2018


  • infectious diseases
  • paediatrics
  • qualitative research


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