Diversity of Social Enterprise Models in South Korea

Eric Bidet, Hyungsik Eum, Jieun Ryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this paper, we analyse the emergence and development of social enterprise in South Korea. Our purpose is to show how different broad, consensual and successive conceptions of social enterprise—the so-called meta-models—have generated a dynamic and complex environment which includes a variety of models of social enterprise. Based on multiple data sources, including interviews, documents, statistics and field research, we illustrate the diversity of Korean social enterprise models by using the EMES ideal-type as a conceptual framework that leads us to analyse the social, economic and governance dimensions of each type of social enterprise. This research suggests that the social enterprise phenomenon should not be limited to its expressed contents or to an excessively strict legal or economic definition. It eventually contributes to advancing our understanding on social enterprise by showing that the definitions and concepts of social enterprise can be diverse across different social, economic and political contexts. For this reason, building a universal typology that can embrace social enterprises in different national contexts is by far a challenging task.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1261-1273
JournalVOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations
Volume29
Issue number6
Early online date19 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

South Korea
social economics
ideal type
field research
typology
statistics
governance
interview
economics

Keywords

  • Social enterprise
  • South Korea
  • Typology
  • Cooperatives
  • Self-sufficiency

Cite this

@article{f23aa98d059847f69d6d2f8ec397fd00,
title = "Diversity of Social Enterprise Models in South Korea",
abstract = "In this paper, we analyse the emergence and development of social enterprise in South Korea. Our purpose is to show how different broad, consensual and successive conceptions of social enterprise—the so-called meta-models—have generated a dynamic and complex environment which includes a variety of models of social enterprise. Based on multiple data sources, including interviews, documents, statistics and field research, we illustrate the diversity of Korean social enterprise models by using the EMES ideal-type as a conceptual framework that leads us to analyse the social, economic and governance dimensions of each type of social enterprise. This research suggests that the social enterprise phenomenon should not be limited to its expressed contents or to an excessively strict legal or economic definition. It eventually contributes to advancing our understanding on social enterprise by showing that the definitions and concepts of social enterprise can be diverse across different social, economic and political contexts. For this reason, building a universal typology that can embrace social enterprises in different national contexts is by far a challenging task.",
keywords = "Social enterprise, South Korea, Typology, Cooperatives, Self-sufficiency",
author = "Eric Bidet and Hyungsik Eum and Jieun Ryu",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11266-018-9951-8",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "1261--1273",
journal = "VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations",
issn = "0957-8765",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "6",

}

Diversity of Social Enterprise Models in South Korea. / Bidet, Eric; Eum, Hyungsik ; Ryu, Jieun.

In: VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, Vol. 29, No. 6, 01.12.2018, p. 1261-1273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diversity of Social Enterprise Models in South Korea

AU - Bidet, Eric

AU - Eum, Hyungsik

AU - Ryu, Jieun

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - In this paper, we analyse the emergence and development of social enterprise in South Korea. Our purpose is to show how different broad, consensual and successive conceptions of social enterprise—the so-called meta-models—have generated a dynamic and complex environment which includes a variety of models of social enterprise. Based on multiple data sources, including interviews, documents, statistics and field research, we illustrate the diversity of Korean social enterprise models by using the EMES ideal-type as a conceptual framework that leads us to analyse the social, economic and governance dimensions of each type of social enterprise. This research suggests that the social enterprise phenomenon should not be limited to its expressed contents or to an excessively strict legal or economic definition. It eventually contributes to advancing our understanding on social enterprise by showing that the definitions and concepts of social enterprise can be diverse across different social, economic and political contexts. For this reason, building a universal typology that can embrace social enterprises in different national contexts is by far a challenging task.

AB - In this paper, we analyse the emergence and development of social enterprise in South Korea. Our purpose is to show how different broad, consensual and successive conceptions of social enterprise—the so-called meta-models—have generated a dynamic and complex environment which includes a variety of models of social enterprise. Based on multiple data sources, including interviews, documents, statistics and field research, we illustrate the diversity of Korean social enterprise models by using the EMES ideal-type as a conceptual framework that leads us to analyse the social, economic and governance dimensions of each type of social enterprise. This research suggests that the social enterprise phenomenon should not be limited to its expressed contents or to an excessively strict legal or economic definition. It eventually contributes to advancing our understanding on social enterprise by showing that the definitions and concepts of social enterprise can be diverse across different social, economic and political contexts. For this reason, building a universal typology that can embrace social enterprises in different national contexts is by far a challenging task.

KW - Social enterprise

KW - South Korea

KW - Typology

KW - Cooperatives

KW - Self-sufficiency

U2 - 10.1007/s11266-018-9951-8

DO - 10.1007/s11266-018-9951-8

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 1261

EP - 1273

JO - VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations

JF - VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations

SN - 0957-8765

IS - 6

ER -