In-toeing gait in children. A review of the literature

C Thackeray, Paul Beeson

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


In-toeing gait in children is a common cause for parental concern. 30% of children in-toe at the age of 4 years but the condition persists in only 4% of adults. In conditions causing in-toeing, the lower limb may compensate at a number of levels; the knee joint; within the tibial bone; or within the subtalar joint of the foot. Resolution of in-toeing usually occurs spontaneously between the ages of 4 and 11 years unless a structural abnormality of the foot or leg exists. The vast majority of rotational variations fall within the broad range of normal, requiring no treatment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Foot
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 1996


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