The city as a refuge for insect pollinators

Damon M Hall, Gerardo R Camilo, Rebecca K Tonietto, David H Smith, Jeff Ollerton, Janet Jackson, Muzafar Sirohi, Karin Ahrne, Mike Arduser, John S Ascher, Katherine C R Baldock, Robert Fowler, Gordon Frankie, Dave Goulson, Bengt Gunnarsson, Mick E Hanley, Gail Langellotto, David Lowenstein, Emily S Minor, Stacy M PhilpottSimon G Potts, Edward M Spevak, Graham N Stone, Caragh G Threlfall

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


Urban ecology research is changing how we view the biological value and ecological importance of cities. Lagging behind this revised image of the city are natural resource management agencies’ urban conservation programs that historically have invested in education and outreach rather than programs designed to achieve high-priority species conservation results. This essay synthesizes research on urban bee species diversity and abundance to suggest how urban conservation can be repositioned to better align with a newly unfolding image of urban landscapes. We argue that pollinators put high-priority and high-impact urban conservation within reach. In a rapidly urbanizing world, transforming how environmental managers view the city can improve citizen engagement while exploring more sustainable practices of urbanization.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-29
Number of pages6
JournalConservation Biology
Issue number1
Early online date14 Sep 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Sep 2016


  • Pollinators
  • ecosystem services
  • Urban ecology
  • insects
  • animals
  • communications
  • conservation planning
  • governance
  • funding and philanthropy
  • politics and policy


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