The Influence of Unstable Load and Traditional Free-Weight Back Squat Exercise on Subsequent Countermovement Jump Performance

Renata Jirovska, Anthony D. Kay, Themistoklis Tsatalas, Alex Van Enis, Christos Kokkotis, Giannis Giakas*, Minas A Mina

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of a back squat exercise with unstable load (UN) and traditional free-weight resistance (FWR) on subsequent countermovement jump (CMJ) performance. After familiarisation, thirteen physically active males with experience in resistance training visited the laboratory on two occasions during either experimental (UN) or control (FWR) conditions separated by at least 72 h. In both sessions, participants completed a task-specific warm-up routine followed by three maximum CMJs (pre-intervention; baseline) and a set of three repetitions of either UN or FWR back squat exercise at 85% 1-RM. During the UN condition, the unstable load was suspended from the bar with elastic bands and accounted for 15% of the total load. Post-intervention, three maximum CMJs were performed at 30 s, 4 min, 8 min and 12 min after the last repetition of the intervention. The highest CMJ for each participant was identified for each timepoint. No significant increases (p > 0.05) in jump height, peak concentric power, or peak rate of force development (RFD) were found after the FWR or UN conditions at any timepoint. The lack of improvements following both FWR and UN conditions may be a consequence of the low percentage of unstable load and the inclusion of a comprehensive task-specific warm-up. Further research is required to explore higher UN load percentages (>15%) and the chronic effects following the implementation of a resistance training programme.
Original languageEnglish
Article number167
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2023


  • conditioning contractions
  • elastic bands
  • explosive strength
  • post-activation performance enhancement (PAPE)
  • vertical jump
  • warm-up


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