The role of institutional and stakeholder networks in shaping social enterprise ecosystems in Europe

Richard Hazenberg, Meanu Bajwa-Patel, Micaela Mazzei, Michael James Roy, Simone Baglioni

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticle

Abstract

Purpose – This paper draws upon prior research that built a theoretical framework for the emergence of social enterprise ecosystems based upon biological evolutionary theory. This paper seeks to extend this previous research by practically applying the theory to the development of stakeholder and institutional networks across Europe. Design/methodology/approach – Data from in-depth semi-structured interviews and focus groups were analysed using Constant Comparison Method. Data were generated from discussions with 258 key stakeholders in 10 countries across Europe, exploring the historical, political, social, legal and economic factors that influence the patterns of social enterprise seen in each country. Findings – The results identify the emergence of four social enterprise ecosystem types (Statist-macro; Statist-micro; Private-macro; Private-micro). These are used to explain the differences found in each of the 10 country’s social enterprise ecosystems. The results are discussed in relation to evolutionary theory in social entrepreneurship and how ‘genetic’ and ‘epigenetic’ factors lead to the divergence of social enterprise ecosystems, and the impact that this has on the stakeholders and institutions that are present within them. Originality/value – A typology of ecosystems is presented, which can be used by policy-makers across Europe to understand how best to support their local social economies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSocial Enterprise Journal
Volume12
Issue number3
Early online date1 Dec 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Dec 2016

Fingerprint

Ecosystem
Social enterprise
Stakeholder networks
Stakeholders
Evolutionary theory
Factors
Design methodology
Theoretical framework
Economic factors
Social economy
Structured interview
Divergence
Focus groups
Politicians
Social entrepreneurship

Keywords

  • Social networks
  • Europe
  • social enterprise
  • evolutionary theory
  • stakeholder networks

Cite this

@article{e9c15b5a75af4dbfae14b3bb518db16c,
title = "The role of institutional and stakeholder networks in shaping social enterprise ecosystems in Europe",
abstract = "Purpose – This paper draws upon prior research that built a theoretical framework for the emergence of social enterprise ecosystems based upon biological evolutionary theory. This paper seeks to extend this previous research by practically applying the theory to the development of stakeholder and institutional networks across Europe. Design/methodology/approach – Data from in-depth semi-structured interviews and focus groups were analysed using Constant Comparison Method. Data were generated from discussions with 258 key stakeholders in 10 countries across Europe, exploring the historical, political, social, legal and economic factors that influence the patterns of social enterprise seen in each country. Findings – The results identify the emergence of four social enterprise ecosystem types (Statist-macro; Statist-micro; Private-macro; Private-micro). These are used to explain the differences found in each of the 10 country’s social enterprise ecosystems. The results are discussed in relation to evolutionary theory in social entrepreneurship and how ‘genetic’ and ‘epigenetic’ factors lead to the divergence of social enterprise ecosystems, and the impact that this has on the stakeholders and institutions that are present within them. Originality/value – A typology of ecosystems is presented, which can be used by policy-makers across Europe to understand how best to support their local social economies.",
keywords = "Social networks, Europe, social enterprise, evolutionary theory, stakeholder networks",
author = "Richard Hazenberg and Meanu Bajwa-Patel and Micaela Mazzei and Roy, {Michael James} and Simone Baglioni",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1108/SEJ-10-2016-0044",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "Social Enterprise Journal",
issn = "1750-8614",
publisher = "Emerald",
number = "3",

}

The role of institutional and stakeholder networks in shaping social enterprise ecosystems in Europe. / Hazenberg, Richard; Bajwa-Patel, Meanu; Mazzei, Micaela; Roy, Michael James; Baglioni, Simone.

In: Social Enterprise Journal, Vol. 12, No. 3, 01.12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of institutional and stakeholder networks in shaping social enterprise ecosystems in Europe

AU - Hazenberg, Richard

AU - Bajwa-Patel, Meanu

AU - Mazzei, Micaela

AU - Roy, Michael James

AU - Baglioni, Simone

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Purpose – This paper draws upon prior research that built a theoretical framework for the emergence of social enterprise ecosystems based upon biological evolutionary theory. This paper seeks to extend this previous research by practically applying the theory to the development of stakeholder and institutional networks across Europe. Design/methodology/approach – Data from in-depth semi-structured interviews and focus groups were analysed using Constant Comparison Method. Data were generated from discussions with 258 key stakeholders in 10 countries across Europe, exploring the historical, political, social, legal and economic factors that influence the patterns of social enterprise seen in each country. Findings – The results identify the emergence of four social enterprise ecosystem types (Statist-macro; Statist-micro; Private-macro; Private-micro). These are used to explain the differences found in each of the 10 country’s social enterprise ecosystems. The results are discussed in relation to evolutionary theory in social entrepreneurship and how ‘genetic’ and ‘epigenetic’ factors lead to the divergence of social enterprise ecosystems, and the impact that this has on the stakeholders and institutions that are present within them. Originality/value – A typology of ecosystems is presented, which can be used by policy-makers across Europe to understand how best to support their local social economies.

AB - Purpose – This paper draws upon prior research that built a theoretical framework for the emergence of social enterprise ecosystems based upon biological evolutionary theory. This paper seeks to extend this previous research by practically applying the theory to the development of stakeholder and institutional networks across Europe. Design/methodology/approach – Data from in-depth semi-structured interviews and focus groups were analysed using Constant Comparison Method. Data were generated from discussions with 258 key stakeholders in 10 countries across Europe, exploring the historical, political, social, legal and economic factors that influence the patterns of social enterprise seen in each country. Findings – The results identify the emergence of four social enterprise ecosystem types (Statist-macro; Statist-micro; Private-macro; Private-micro). These are used to explain the differences found in each of the 10 country’s social enterprise ecosystems. The results are discussed in relation to evolutionary theory in social entrepreneurship and how ‘genetic’ and ‘epigenetic’ factors lead to the divergence of social enterprise ecosystems, and the impact that this has on the stakeholders and institutions that are present within them. Originality/value – A typology of ecosystems is presented, which can be used by policy-makers across Europe to understand how best to support their local social economies.

KW - Social networks

KW - Europe

KW - social enterprise

KW - evolutionary theory

KW - stakeholder networks

UR - http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/SEJ-10-2016-0044

U2 - 10.1108/SEJ-10-2016-0044

DO - 10.1108/SEJ-10-2016-0044

M3 - Article

VL - 12

JO - Social Enterprise Journal

JF - Social Enterprise Journal

SN - 1750-8614

IS - 3

ER -