Investigating the outcome performance of work-integration social enterprises (WISEs): do WISEs offer ‘added value’ to NEETs?

Richard Hazenberg, Frederick A Seddon, Simon Denny

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticlepeer-review


This study takes a comparative approach to study the ‘outcome’ performance of a WISE and a ‘for-profit’ work-integration organisation that both provided employment enhancement programmes to NEETs. Participants at both organisations completed general self-efficacy questionnaires before and after engagement on the programmes. Additionally, semi-structured interviews and focus groups were held with the owners and staff at both organisations. Results revealed no significant difference between the ‘outcome’ performance of the WISE and for-profit organisation. However, analysis of the organisational aims, values and structures suggests that the ‘added value’ offered by the WISE came from the different induction policy that it operated
Original languageEnglish
Article number6
Pages (from-to)876-899
Number of pages24
JournalPublic Management Review
Issue number6
Early online date21 Mar 2013
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
EventInternational Research Society for Public Management (IRSPM XVI) 16th Conference - University of Rome
Duration: 11 Apr 2012 → …


  • WISE
  • NEET
  • general self-efficacy
  • comparative research and evaluation


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  • Co-Design of Government Outcomes Lab

    Richard Hazenberg (Principal Investigator) & Simon Denny (Co-Investigator)

    Impact: Public policy impacts, Social impacts, Economic impacts, 08: Decent Work and Economic Growth (UN SDG), 09: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure (UN SDG), 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities (UN SDG)


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