Smart City Digital Twins: Overview of Implementation Challenges, and Recommendations for Citizens Training

Judy Njuguna, Dilshad Sarwar, Ebenezer Laryea, Amin Hosseinian Far*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to Book/ReportChapterpeer-review


A Digital Twin (DT) is a digital replica of an artefact which is updated on real-time or semi-real time basis. In 2017, Gartner listed DT as one of the top ten emerging technologies of the year. Since then, there have been numerous attempts to develop architecture and reference models for DTs, and in some studies DT construction for real world case studies is reported. This chapter attempts to provide a contextualized background on Digital Twins for Smart Cities. It also discusses various stakeholders involved in devising and/or employing DTs in a Smart City. The chapter concludes with a set of recommendations for the training requirements of final DT users.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTechnology and Talent Strategies for Sustainable Smart Cities
Subtitle of host publicationDigital Futures
EditorsSumesh Singh Dadwal, Hamid Jahankhani, Gordon Bowen, Imad Yasir Nawaz
ISBN (Print)9781837530236
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 12 Apr 2023

Publication series

NameFuture Internet
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

Bibliographical note

This author accepted manuscript is deposited under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC) licence. This means that anyone may distribute, adapt, and build upon the work for non-commercial purposes, subject to full attribution. If you wish to use this manuscript for commercial purposes, please visit Marketplace:


  • Digital Twin
  • Digital Twin Application
  • Smart City
  • User Training


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