Knowledge, attitudes and practices to children with disabilities in Bhutan: a contextualized literature review

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Abstract

The challenges of providing education for a heterogeneous student population (in respect of gender, poverty levels, language and learning aptitude and level) have been major issues in refining Bhutanese policy and practice. These challenges are noted in respect of children with ‘special needs’ in the Bhutan Education Blueprint, 2014–24 (NSB/MoE/UNICEF, 2014), which indicated that ‘government’s initiatives to enhance educational access for children with special needs remains a formidable challenge for the education sector owing to the limited number of special schools, facilities, support services and capacity of the teachers’ (p. 26). This literature review scopes some of the key issues implied by this current situation, using the existing literature on ‘children with disabilities’ CWD from both recognized academic sources as well as the so-called ‘grey’ literature. It points to an emerging recognition of both ongoing challenges and opportunities in Bhutan which parallel those in diverse international contexts.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEarly Child Development and Care
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2018

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Bhutan
disability
learning aptitude
UNICEF
gray literature
education
poverty
gender
teacher
language
school
literature
student

Cite this

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title = "Knowledge, attitudes and practices to children with disabilities in Bhutan: a contextualized literature review",
abstract = "The challenges of providing education for a heterogeneous student population (in respect of gender, poverty levels, language and learning aptitude and level) have been major issues in refining Bhutanese policy and practice. These challenges are noted in respect of children with ‘special needs’ in the Bhutan Education Blueprint, 2014–24 (NSB/MoE/UNICEF, 2014), which indicated that ‘government’s initiatives to enhance educational access for children with special needs remains a formidable challenge for the education sector owing to the limited number of special schools, facilities, support services and capacity of the teachers’ (p. 26). This literature review scopes some of the key issues implied by this current situation, using the existing literature on ‘children with disabilities’ CWD from both recognized academic sources as well as the so-called ‘grey’ literature. It points to an emerging recognition of both ongoing challenges and opportunities in Bhutan which parallel those in diverse international contexts.",
author = "Philip Garner and Murray, {Jane Margaret} and David Preece and Rose, {Richard Charles} and Yu Zhao",
year = "2018",
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AU - Zhao, Yu

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AB - The challenges of providing education for a heterogeneous student population (in respect of gender, poverty levels, language and learning aptitude and level) have been major issues in refining Bhutanese policy and practice. These challenges are noted in respect of children with ‘special needs’ in the Bhutan Education Blueprint, 2014–24 (NSB/MoE/UNICEF, 2014), which indicated that ‘government’s initiatives to enhance educational access for children with special needs remains a formidable challenge for the education sector owing to the limited number of special schools, facilities, support services and capacity of the teachers’ (p. 26). This literature review scopes some of the key issues implied by this current situation, using the existing literature on ‘children with disabilities’ CWD from both recognized academic sources as well as the so-called ‘grey’ literature. It points to an emerging recognition of both ongoing challenges and opportunities in Bhutan which parallel those in diverse international contexts.

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