Segregating the distinct effects of sedentary behaviour and physical activity on older adults’ cardiovascular profile: Part 2- Isotemporal substitution approach.

Declan John Ryan, Jorgen Wullems, Georgina Stebbings, Christopher Morse, Claire Stewart, Gladys Onambele-Pearson

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to provide an isotemporal substitution model to predict how changes in physical behavior may affect the cardiovascular parameters (CVPs) of older adults. METHODS: Participants wore a thigh-mounted accelerometer for 7 days. Phenotype of the carotid, brachial, and popliteal artery was conducted using ultrasound. Isotemporal substitution was used to simulate the degree to which replacing 1 hour of physical behavior with another would affect CVP. RESULTS: Substitution of sedentary behavior with Standing and sporadic moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA accumulated in bouts <10 min) would reduce resting heart rate [-6.20 beats per minute (-12.1 to -0.22) and -3.72 beats per minute (-7.01 to -0.44), respectively]. Substitution of sedentary behavior with light-intensity physical activity would reduce carotid artery diameter [-0.54 mm (-1.00 to -0.07)]. Substitution of Standing with sporadic MVPA would increase popliteal artery diameter [1.31 mm (0.11 to 2.51)]. CONCLUSIONS: Our modeling suggests that an accumulation of MVPA bouts that are shorter than the recommended 10-minute minimum may still improve CVP, with lower intensity physical activity also influencing CVP. Our findings are a promising avenue for lifestyle interventions in older adults to reduce the aging effects on CVP for those who cannot engage or sustain sufficient MVPA.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7
Pages (from-to)537-542
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

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Popliteal Artery
Carotid Arteries
Brachial Artery
Thigh
Life Style
Heart Rate
Phenotype
Light

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Ryan, Declan John ; Wullems, Jorgen ; Stebbings, Georgina ; Morse, Christopher ; Stewart, Claire ; Onambele-Pearson, Gladys. / Segregating the distinct effects of sedentary behaviour and physical activity on older adults’ cardiovascular profile: Part 2- Isotemporal substitution approach. In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2018 ; Vol. 15, No. 7. pp. 537-542.
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title = "Segregating the distinct effects of sedentary behaviour and physical activity on older adults’ cardiovascular profile: Part 2- Isotemporal substitution approach.",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to provide an isotemporal substitution model to predict how changes in physical behavior may affect the cardiovascular parameters (CVPs) of older adults. METHODS: Participants wore a thigh-mounted accelerometer for 7 days. Phenotype of the carotid, brachial, and popliteal artery was conducted using ultrasound. Isotemporal substitution was used to simulate the degree to which replacing 1 hour of physical behavior with another would affect CVP. RESULTS: Substitution of sedentary behavior with Standing and sporadic moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA accumulated in bouts <10 min) would reduce resting heart rate [-6.20 beats per minute (-12.1 to -0.22) and -3.72 beats per minute (-7.01 to -0.44), respectively]. Substitution of sedentary behavior with light-intensity physical activity would reduce carotid artery diameter [-0.54 mm (-1.00 to -0.07)]. Substitution of Standing with sporadic MVPA would increase popliteal artery diameter [1.31 mm (0.11 to 2.51)]. CONCLUSIONS: Our modeling suggests that an accumulation of MVPA bouts that are shorter than the recommended 10-minute minimum may still improve CVP, with lower intensity physical activity also influencing CVP. Our findings are a promising avenue for lifestyle interventions in older adults to reduce the aging effects on CVP for those who cannot engage or sustain sufficient MVPA.",
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Segregating the distinct effects of sedentary behaviour and physical activity on older adults’ cardiovascular profile: Part 2- Isotemporal substitution approach. / Ryan, Declan John; Wullems, Jorgen; Stebbings, Georgina; Morse, Christopher; Stewart, Claire; Onambele-Pearson, Gladys.

In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Vol. 15, No. 7, 7, 01.07.2018, p. 537-542.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Segregating the distinct effects of sedentary behaviour and physical activity on older adults’ cardiovascular profile: Part 2- Isotemporal substitution approach.

AU - Ryan, Declan John

AU - Wullems, Jorgen

AU - Stebbings, Georgina

AU - Morse, Christopher

AU - Stewart, Claire

AU - Onambele-Pearson, Gladys

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N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to provide an isotemporal substitution model to predict how changes in physical behavior may affect the cardiovascular parameters (CVPs) of older adults. METHODS: Participants wore a thigh-mounted accelerometer for 7 days. Phenotype of the carotid, brachial, and popliteal artery was conducted using ultrasound. Isotemporal substitution was used to simulate the degree to which replacing 1 hour of physical behavior with another would affect CVP. RESULTS: Substitution of sedentary behavior with Standing and sporadic moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA accumulated in bouts <10 min) would reduce resting heart rate [-6.20 beats per minute (-12.1 to -0.22) and -3.72 beats per minute (-7.01 to -0.44), respectively]. Substitution of sedentary behavior with light-intensity physical activity would reduce carotid artery diameter [-0.54 mm (-1.00 to -0.07)]. Substitution of Standing with sporadic MVPA would increase popliteal artery diameter [1.31 mm (0.11 to 2.51)]. CONCLUSIONS: Our modeling suggests that an accumulation of MVPA bouts that are shorter than the recommended 10-minute minimum may still improve CVP, with lower intensity physical activity also influencing CVP. Our findings are a promising avenue for lifestyle interventions in older adults to reduce the aging effects on CVP for those who cannot engage or sustain sufficient MVPA.

AB - BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to provide an isotemporal substitution model to predict how changes in physical behavior may affect the cardiovascular parameters (CVPs) of older adults. METHODS: Participants wore a thigh-mounted accelerometer for 7 days. Phenotype of the carotid, brachial, and popliteal artery was conducted using ultrasound. Isotemporal substitution was used to simulate the degree to which replacing 1 hour of physical behavior with another would affect CVP. RESULTS: Substitution of sedentary behavior with Standing and sporadic moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA accumulated in bouts <10 min) would reduce resting heart rate [-6.20 beats per minute (-12.1 to -0.22) and -3.72 beats per minute (-7.01 to -0.44), respectively]. Substitution of sedentary behavior with light-intensity physical activity would reduce carotid artery diameter [-0.54 mm (-1.00 to -0.07)]. Substitution of Standing with sporadic MVPA would increase popliteal artery diameter [1.31 mm (0.11 to 2.51)]. CONCLUSIONS: Our modeling suggests that an accumulation of MVPA bouts that are shorter than the recommended 10-minute minimum may still improve CVP, with lower intensity physical activity also influencing CVP. Our findings are a promising avenue for lifestyle interventions in older adults to reduce the aging effects on CVP for those who cannot engage or sustain sufficient MVPA.

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